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March 9 - Appeasement and Terror.docx

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Western University
History 2145A/B
Robert Ventresca

Second World War: From Appeasement to Aggression Totalitarian Radicalization: War at Home and Abroad - Radicalization entropy – “wheels coming off the bus” – fascism/Nazism in its most extreme case i. First world war – 9 million dead (mostly military) ii. Second world war – 55 million dead (mostly civilian) - War at home - War abroad Stalinist terror: The Purges; 1934-1938 and the show trials; 1936-1938 - Estimated range 400,000 to 1 million killed by Stalinist courts and police - Prison camps – gulag: 600,000 prisoners in 1930 to 7 million prisoners by 1937 - Est. by end of 1945, gulag camp system held 15 million prisoners Incremental Radicalization - You don’t get the most radical platform of the party right away, happens over time Italy - Didn’t have a secret police like Germany or Russia - First earned the title “totalitarian” but is actually the least totalitarian state by the end of this period - Fascist Italy's Imperial and Racist Phase; 1935-1938 - The invasion of Ethiopia (1935)  Spazio vitale – living space - Anti-Jewish racial laws (1938) - Comes from nowhere (Mussolini had previously said Italy had no Jewish problem – on record telling Italia
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