Hist1403E January 25, 2012
Society: Russia and Italy
o Stalin is more determined than Lenin to enforce education.
o Stalin was keen on improving the citizens’ knowledge of technology, and send
them overseas to gain international knowledge.
o He felt that exams would be a deterrent, and removed them completely. He was
o Female teachers were paid the same salary as males.
o He liked the idea of the British uniforms – it would build a sense of Russian
identity. It was seen as a way of uniting the people.
o 1933 – Commissariat of Education
The purpose is for the members to check all the schools to make sure that
they are teaching the right thing (no books on religion), ensured pro-
o Komsomol (An acronym)
Male and female institution, aged 15-23.
In the beginning it is a volunteer organization to encourage the ideas of
Bolshevik life. It was fun and involved games, travel, etc. (very similar to
There were 9 million members by the beginning of WWII.
Older teens were responsible for organizing, rallies, meetings, and events,
that were pro-Bolshevik.
Women and Family
o There is no organization for women that is party of the Bolshevik government.
o In rural areas, women were given no opportunities. Men were always given first
choice. There was an image of women as drones on society.
o Feminist Revolutionaries
Born in 1853 in the height of the Tsar’s time and eventually hung
at the age of 28. She was the daughter of a general in the Russian
army. She came from a very elitist background.
As a teenager, she became rebellious and a revolutionary. She
moves a revolutionary movement for women, called “Land and
Liberty.” The government was uncomfortable with the concept.
At 26 she formed a second group that deems itself a terrorist
organization. She is found to be involved with the plot of the
assassination of the Tsar. She was sentenced with treason and
sentenced to death.
Koncordia Samoilova She was during Lenin’s reign (around 1917) and was the daughter
of a newspaper editor (Petrograd). She came from upper-level
society and presumable well-educated.
She was on good terms with members of the Orthodox Church.
In 1913 she organized a womens day to be held in Moscow and St.
Petersburg, where women could protest with what they were
dealing with in life (inequalities). She was arrested on women’s
day and sent into exile in Siberia.
In 1917 there was another women’s day (it is said that she either
snuck out of Siberia, or she had contacts in St. Petersburg). She
organizes a march, heading to the Winter Palace (she was not
actually in the marc