Hist1403E March 5, 2012
Resistance to Hitler
Proof of Hitler’s paranoia.
His cars were always Mercedez-Benz, bullet-proof tires and windows, designated
chauffeurs, closed in, etc.
Only 2 pilots were allowed to fly him anywhere. Also, if he were to fly anywhere, he
would send out one that looked just like him (dumby-plane) 15 before his own – in case
someone tried to assassinate him.
Attempts Made on Hitler’s Life
A Swiss Roman Catholic who hated the Nazi regime claimed that God instructed him to
He devises a plan:
o Moves to Berlin.
o Has in his possession maps, blueprints, guns, ammunition, etc.
o Read Mein Kampf.
o Joined the Nazis.
o Learned to speak German.
After a year (1939) of living there, he arranged to attend a commemoration that he
knew Hitler went to every year. He would stand in the crowd close to where Hitler was
walking when he laid wreaths on the monuments.
He doesn’t fire once because Hitler happens to move out of range.
The following days he sends letters to Hitler warning him of dangers of appearing in
public. None get through,
Catches a train to Paris. At the border it is discovered that he has guns and a German
Handed over to the SS and is imprisoned.
Beheaded near the end of the war when Hitler learns of this mans intentions to kill him.
Georg Esler: Lone German Bomber
Happened at the same time as Bavaud.
German worker who firmly believes that communism is the answer. Hitler didn’t
1939 he goes to Munich and has a plan:
o Wants to be there when Hitler gives in annual speech at the Beer Hall.
o Wants to get Hitler when he is giving his speech.
o Ahead of time, he goes to the building, mingles and visits, and when they close,
he hides in the men’s washroom.
o Comes out of the washroom at night (does this for months and months) , and
wants to make one of the pillars that support the balcony, collapse, so that the
balcony would collapse on Hitler.
o Every night he chips away at the pillar.
o Time comes and he has obtained dynamite, fuses, and a timer. o He sets it up and leaves town.
o Hitler always goes at the same time every year on the same day at the same time,
for 20 minutes. Problem: Hitler cuts his speech short, and isn’t there when the
bomb goes off.
He is eventually tracked down and killed.
The Abwehr (Defense): Hans Oster
A member of the defensive military (Abwehr branch).
He knows that at some point, Hitler would go to the war front to see his troops. This
would involved going into Czech Slovakia.
o When Hitler gets on the train, members of this defense force will go behind him
to keep him out of Berlin.
o While this is going on (tracking Hitler to the East), the defense group will start to
immobilize Berlin (e.g. mail, post, telephones, etc.).
o When Hitler discovers that Berlin has been taken over, he will return, and then
be arrested by members of his own military.
o He will be taken to trial, condemned, and imprisoned.
o Finally, if there is any evidence that Hitler wants to especae from prison, he will
o The Abwehr will be in power.
What stopped it: Chamberlain’s visit. Chamberlain advocated peace