Hist1403E March 7, 2012
Hitler’s Bunker: His Final Days (Not On Exam)
16 January 1945 – Hitler Moves In
In 1945 Hitler decided that he needed a secretary to keep track of the events transpiring
in his life. Hitler even allows her to escape near the end. The secretary did flee, and
created a memoir of Hitler’s life.
When he moves into the bunker, he makes it clear that he doesn’t anticipate ever moving
out of it again; he would die there.
His favourite painting which he brought with him everywhere was brought to the bunker,
along with a few clothes, a pilot, and a chauffeur (even though he didn’t use them).
The bunker is 3 stories high, but underground. All rooms were painted grey, walls
dripped because of the moisture in the area, and had quarters provided for all of his
workers (including a dentist). Everything was run on generators, and at night they went
off. The smell was atrocious (there was not a lot of hygiene or running water). There
was no way for air to circulate.
He rarely went outside, but to walk his dog. He would bring his dog to the entrance of
his bunker, and then one of his workers would take the dog outside.
The roof was 16 feet thick of cement, the walls 6 feet wide, and the roof was 55 feet under
the ground level.
Life in the Bunker
His health rapidly deteriorates. He had a stoop, drooled, and his eye sight went. He
received very little sleep, and he had explosive tantrums constantly.
15 April – Eva Braun Moves In
Brought a large collection of gems, robes, and luxuries in hopes of lightening Hitler’s
Angel of Death – brought a pistol.
As the Russians move closer, there were tremendous poundings from outside. The
explosions could be heard above (the Russians were 40 miles away from Berlin). 2
million soldiers, 40 thousand guns, and hundreds of rockets.
20 April – Hitler’s 56 Birthday
Friends come in to visit along with some of the Hitler youth and army generals.
The birthday celebrations are nothing special.
Some wanted Hitler to go and some wanted him to stay. Goebbels – his nearest and
most genuine friend – wanted Hitler to stay, as it would instill hope in the German
people and army.
It was very evident that Hitler was unsure of what to do.
He went above ground on his birthday, and congratulates the Hitler youth – a number of
whom promised that they would lie down in front of Russian tanks if they were to
invade. Hitler gives 20 of them the Iron Cross (highest level of bravery medal).
22 April – Conference – “All Is Lost”
He calls in his military advisors and they report to him what is available in terms of
personelle of equipment and men to carry on the war. The generals try to make him
realize that they will lose and should stop now. Hitler is outraged, and denies it. He then
admits that “all is lost” because his army betrayed him and his generals abandoned him. He won’t surrender – if necessary he will commit suicide. He will not allow his body to
be taken by the Russians. He has all of his papers taken upstairs and burnt.
At this meeting, he takes the pistol out of the drawer and put out of his pocket. It was
seen by the secretary, but it remains unsure as to whether anyone else noticed this.
Goebbels Family Moves In
o The last people to come into the bunker are the Goebbels.
o They bring next to nothing, coming in, knowing full well that the end is coming.
23 April – Speer (the Architect) and Hitler
Becomes enraged and asked whether or not Speer had destroyed all of the buildings.
Speer promises him that he will look after it (if Hitler dies). It was a promise that he
He also promises if Berlin is taken, he will burn the bodies of Hitler and Eva (so the
Russians won’t get him). T