Health Sciences 1001A/B Lecture Notes - Married People, Positive Psychology, Facial Muscles

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Published on 19 Apr 2013
School
Western University
Department
Health Sciences
Course
Health Sciences 1001A/B
Professor
Laughter
The Benefits of Happiness:
Suggested that increases in happiness could lead to:
- Longer life
- Health
- Resilience
- Increased performance
- Standard of living increases dramatically, yet happiness in industrialized countries has
shown little increase over time
The Pursuit of Happiness:
- Many decisions are rooted in the desire to become happy
- Often, the decisions we make fail at increasing happiness
- Americans will spend $750 million on self-help books and more than 1 billion dollars on
motivational speakers
- Positive psychology (“science of happiness”) offered in many colleges and universities
Where Are We Going Wrong?:
Dr. Daniel Gilbert blames culture, genes, and imagination
1. Culture
- Buy bigger, newer, better things
However:
- “stuff” does not buy happiness
- Money buys happiness for those who lack the basic needs
- > $50,000 income: increase money does not equal happiness
2. Genes
- Hardware us to reproduce
However:
- Children have small negative effect when parents asked about happiness “in the moment”
- Does not mean that moments of happiness and joy do not exist
3. Imagination
- When we envision future we see perpetual gloom or happily-ever after
However:
- Unhappiness and joy do not last as long as we expect
- Ex. winning the lottery, becoming disabled
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What Makes Us Happy?:
Research shows:
1. Age
- Positively associated with happiness
- Most happy = men age 65 and older
- Least happy = men 18 to 29
2. Marital Status
- Married people are often happier than single people
3. Education
- College and university graduates are usually happier than those who don’t graduate
4. Religion
- Religious people are often happier
5. Health
- Healthier people are happier
Happiness: Nature vs. Nurture:
- Studies of twins suggest that we all have an innate level of happiness
- Possible to lift our biological set range of happiness, at least to some extent, if we work at
it
Happiness Around the World:
- People express fundamental emotions in similar ways all over the world
- All cultures happiness depends on close family and other human relationships
- Recent study by social psychologist Adrian White (world map of happiness)
- Used statistical data and subjective reponses of 80,000 people to map out well-being in
178 countries
- Developed in part due to increase political interest in using measure of happiness as a
national indicator along with measures of wealth
Results:
- Strongest determinants of national happiness:
1. Health levels
2. Prosperity
3. Access to basic education
- Population size smaller countries scored better while the largest populations fared
worse
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Document Summary

Suggested that increases in happiness could lead to: Standard of living increases dramatically, yet happiness in industrialized countries has. Many decisions are rooted in the desire to become happy. Often, the decisions we make fail at increasing happiness. Americans will spend million on self-help books and more than 1 billion dollars on motivational speakers. Positive psychology ( science of happiness ) offered in many colleges and universities. Dr. daniel gilbert blames culture, genes, and imagination: culture. Money buys happiness for those who lack the basic needs. > ,000 income: increase money does not equal happiness: genes. Children have small negative effect when parents asked about happiness in the moment . Does not mean that moments of happiness and joy do not exist: imagination. When we envision future we see perpetual gloom or happily-ever after. Unhappiness and joy do not last as long as we expect. Most happy = men age 65 and older.

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