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Chapter 14 - The Use and Abuse of Psychoactive Drugs.docx

6 Pages

Health Sciences
Course Code
Health Sciences 1001A/B
Shauna Burke

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Chapter 14 The Use and Abuse of Psychoactive Drugs Substance Use Abuse and DependencePsychoactivea blanket term to include drugs and other substancesDrugschemicals other than food that are intended to affect the structure or function of the body Drugs IncludePrescription medicine antidepressantsOverthecounter substances alcohol tobacco caffeineIllegal substances LSD heroin American Psychiatric Association APA differentiates between substance abuse and substance dependence Substance Abuse involves ONE of the followingRecurrent use resulting in a failure to fulfill major responsibilities at work school or homeRecurrent use in situations in which it is physically hazardousRecurrent substancerelated legal problemsContinued substance use despite persistent social or interpersonal problems caused by or exacerbated by the effects of the drug Substance Dependence involves THREE or more of the following during a 12month period 1 Developing tolerance to the substance 2 Experiencing withdrawal 3 Taking the substance in larger amounts or over a longer period than was originally intended 4 Expressing a persistent desire to cut down on or regulate substance use 5 Spending a great deal of time obtaining the substance using the substance or recovering from its effects 6 Giving up or decreasing important school work or recreational activities because of substance use 7 Continuing the use of the substance in spite of recognizing that it is contributing to a psychological or physical problem
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