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Western University
Health Sciences
Health Sciences 1001A/B
Shauna Burke

BreastfeedingHuman milk is species specific mother makes milk that is perfectly suited to her babys requirements for growth and developmentBreast milk is the ultimate super food and the only single food for humans that can independently sustain life for the first 6 months after birthHuman Mothers milk is low in protein and high in lactoseGuidelines a mother breastfeeds their child for 6 months exclusively no water or anythingAfter 6 months solid foods introducedBreast milk provides all of the fluid and nutrients for optimal growth and developmentProtects the infant from bacteria and viruses that the mother comes in contact withMothers sometimes are under the misconception that they shouldnt breastfeed when theyre sick but its the oppositeBreast milk adapts to the age of the infantConstantly changes to meet the infants nutritional needsComposition changes in the early postpartum period from colostrum thick yellowy substanceliquid gold to mature milkHormones involved in breast feedingEstrogen high during pregnancyProgesterone low during pregnancyProlactin responsible for maintaining milk supply after birthoxytosin feelings of bonding decreases anxietythe benefits of breastfeedingThe biological norm for infant feeding is breastfeeding Any substitution can result in significant adverse consequences for both mother and babyShort term benefits for the babyinfection o dose response relationship the higher the dose the greater protection between duration and exclusivity of breastfeeding and protection from many types of infections noted in several studies o Even partial daily feedingsrisk of infection in preterm infants by 50 o Most important for preterm infantsSudden infant death syndrome o Unexplained death of an infant usually intheir sleep o Not breastfeedingchance of infant dying from SIDSo 2007 metaanalysis found that breastfeeding was associated with a 36 risk reduction of SIDS compared to not breastfeeding o a breast fed baby typically doesnt get into a habit of deep sleep because theyre digesting their milk mortality o Not breastfeeding significantlya childs risk of dying in infancy o developing countriesinfants who are not breastfed haverates of diarrhea and respiratory diseases both main causes of infant death o United StatesFormula fed infants atrisk of mortalityweight o Not breastfeedinga childs risk of being overweight and obese obreastfeeding duration associated withrates of childhood obesity o bottle feeding risk for physiological instability because of suckswallow reflex o Oxygen saturation and body temperature found to be significantlyin preterm infants who were bottle fed vs breastfedpain o Not breastfeedinginfants response to pain o Analysis of 11 studies showed that both breastfeeding and human milk are pain relievingLong term benefits for baby
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