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Chapter 14.docx

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Health Sciences
Course Code
Health Sciences 1001A/B
Shauna Burke

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 Addictive Behaviour  Habits that have gotten out of control, with a resulting negative impact on a persons health  Five characteristics typically associated with addictive behaviours: o 1) reinforcement engaging in that behaviour produces pleasurable feelings, therefore the person continues to engag in it o 2) compulsion or craving compelling need to engage in behaviour o 3) Loss of control o 4) escalation more and more of the substance is needed in order to produce the same effect o 5) negative consequences  the development of addiction  Many behaviours are addictive, but most people who engage in them do not develop problems (can drink, but not everyone becomes addicted)  If a person becomes dependant and tolerance develops, the behaviour is likely to become a central focus in the person’s life  No single cause of addiction o The individual, environment, and substance/behaviour combine o Individuals with ↑↑↑ trouble dealing with stress may be more suceptable to addiction turns to addiction as a coping strategy o Some people may also have a genetic predisposition to addiction  Substance use abuse and dependance  American Psychiatric Association (APA) differentiates between substance abuse and substance dependance:  Substance abuse involves ONE of the following: o Recurrent use resulting in a failure to fulfill major responsibilities at work, school, or home o Recurrent use in situations in which it is physically hazardous (ex. Drinking before driving) o Recurrent substance-related legal problems o Continued substance use despite persistant social or interpersonal problems caused by or exacerbated by the effects of the substance o * physical dependence may or may not be present  substance dependance involves THREE or more of the following during a 12- month period: o 1) Developing tolerance to the substance o 2) Experiencing withdrawal o 3) Taking the
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