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HS1001 Lecture 2.docx

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Department
Health Sciences
Course
Health Sciences 1001A/B
Professor
Shauna Burke
Semester
Fall

Description
Lecture 2 Psychological Health Psychological health is… - Important to every dimension of wellness - Our capacity to think, feel, behave in ways that contribute to our ability to enjoy life and manage challenges o Natural to experience various emotions but how you cope is how healthy you are - Not merely presence of wellness or absence of sickness o Psychological health influenced by variety of factors Maslow’s Hierarchy: Striving Toward Self-Actualization - Abraham Maslow - Adopted positive outlook of psychological health and believed presence of wellness was of great importance - Described hierarchy of needs one must work toward to get positive psychological health - Once certain needs are met, can move up o Want to reach self-actualization o Most struggle at love and belongingness and self-esteem What psychological health is Not - Psychological health is not the same as psychological normality o Being mentally normal simply means being close to average  Doesn’t deviate from standards of society - Psychological diversity brings about wide variety of ideas, lifestyles, and attitudes - Mere presence or absence of symptoms does not determine if someone is mentally ill or mentally healthy Meeting life’s challenges - Everyone must learn to cope with life’s challenges o Life challenges test your psychological health - Throughout lives, continue to grow psychologically, developing new and more sophisticated coping mechanisms o Learn from past behavior to build coping mechanisms - How we respond to life’s challenges influence development of personality and identity - Erik Erikson proposed 8 stages across our lifetime o As one is mastered, we move onto next o Failure in one can have repercussions later in life - Problems o Very stage-based  Humans go back and forth o Not a given that if can’t get through one stage, it will have repercussions later - Developing an Adult identity o Begins in adolescence  Major change is taking responsibility for actions  Start to get different goals o Unified self characterized by attitudes, beliefs, ways of acting ‘who you are’ o About knowing who you are, what you are capable of, what roles you play, place among peers  Learning to accept who you are, your strengths and weaknesses, accepting yourself o Lifelong process  People marrying young have higher rates of divorce because still developing who they are - Developing intimacy o Other tasks of adulthood include learning to live intimately with others and finding a productive role for yourself in society o Need trust, sharing, emotions (vulnerability) to develop intimacy - Developing values and purpose in your life o Values and purpose are often reexamined throughout one’s life o Values underlie our moral decisions and behavior as they help us distinguish between good and bad o Fulfillment coaching – working with client to figure out your value/purpose  When feel anger or frustration know values have been cross Striving for Spiritual Wellness - Personal wellness components, associated with greater coping skills - Linked to longer life expectancy, reduced risk of disease, faster recovery, improved emotional health Achieving Healthy Self-Esteem - Developing positive self-concept o Self-concept: view ourselves based on how other view us o Begins in childhood by feeling loved, feeling one can give love, and having a sense that one can accomplish goals o Integration or feeling that one has created their own self-concept rather than adopting an image that others have created is essential to positive self-concept o Stability depends on integration of the self and its freedom from contradictions - Meeting challenges to self-esteem o Notice patterns of thinking  Cognitive o Avoid focusing on negative o Develop realistic self-talk o Behavioral therapy: key element is that a thought can trigger a behavior so key step is to identify the thought that triggered the behaviors and then take it apart and challenge it Being Less Defensive - When our wants come into conflict with people around us or our conscience, we may not be able to resolve conflict or change our external situation o Result in frustration or anxiety o Most people get defensive because there’s some truth in what they are saying - To resolve conflict, need to rearrange our thoughts o Hard for us to admit we’re wrong because of ego o If admit we’re wrong, can be more free and have better relationships - Use defense mechanisms Defense and Coping Mechanisms Being Optimistic - Pessimists expect repeated failure and rejection and feel they deserve it o Most people are pessimistic because there’s less disappointment - Typically learned at young age from parents or authority figures - Recognizing and disputing irrational, false, negative self-talk needed to overcome pessimism - Anxiety: irrational fear o Usually for something in future o If too busy worrying about something in future, can’t concentrate on what’s happening in future Maintaining Honest Communication - Recognizing what we want to communicate and expressing our thoughts clearly is important - Sometimes don’t because of fear of denial and risk of feeling rejected - Assertiveness: expression that is forceful but not hostile o Helpful when communicating
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