Class Notes (835,638)
Canada (509,305)
Health Sciences (2,082)
Shauna Burke (270)
Lecture 15

HS1001 Lecture 15.docx

5 Pages
127 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Health Sciences
Course
Health Sciences 1001A/B
Professor
Shauna Burke
Semester
Fall

Description
Chapter 18 Use and Abuse of Psychoactive Drugs The Use of Drugs - Psychoactive drug: drug that alters a person’s experience or consciousness o Most often associated with abuse and addiction - Intoxication: short-term state which sometimes unpredictable physical and emotional changes occur Addiction? - Before, applied only when habitual use of drug produced chemical change in user’s body - 2 different levels of addiction o Addiction  4 important characteristics  Compulsive desire for drug  Need to increase dosage associated with psychological and physical dependence  Harmful effects to individual  Harm to society o Habituation  Routine use of substance without level of compulsion or increasing need that characterize addiction Characteristics of Addictive Behavior - Reinforcement - Compulsion or Craving - Loss of control - Escalation - Negative consequence Development of Addiction - Often starts when person does sometime to bring pleasure or avoid pain o If works, repeated - Person becomes increasingly dependent on behavior and tolerance can develop - Although many common behaviors are potentially addictive, most people who engage in them don’t develop problems - Combination of factors involved in development of addiction o Personality o Lifestyle o Heredity o Social and physical environment o Nature of substance or behavior in question Characteristics of People with Addictions - Using substance or activity as substitute for healthier coping strategies - Difficulty dealing with stress and painful emotions - Genetic predisposition involving variations in brain chemistry - Problems with impulse control and self regulation and taking risks Drug Use, Abuse, Dependence - Drugs: chemicals other than food that are intended to affect structure or function of body o Prescription medicines o Over-the-counter substances like alcohol, tobacco, caffeine product o Illegal substances like LSD and heroin Who Use drugs? - All income and education levels - All ethnic groups - All ages - Young people at higher risk - Men twice as likely - Troubled adolescents - Thrill-seekers - Dysfunctional families - Members of peer groups who accept drug use - Low socioeconomical status - Dating young Why do people use drugs? - Experiment - Escape - Cope - Magnification of residence Risk Factors for Dependence - Combination of physical, psychological, social factors - Psychological risk factors for drugs dependence include o Difficulty in controlling impulses o Strong need for excitement, stimulation, immediate gratification o Feelings of rejection, hostility, aggression, anxiety, or depression o Mental illness o Dual (co-occurring disorders) - Social
More Less

Related notes for Health Sciences 1001A/B

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit