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Chapter 10 All the information plus the blanks and extra information said in class

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Western University
Health Sciences
Health Sciences 1001A/B
Shauna Burke

Chapter 10: Alcohol Use Required Reading: Ch. 10, pp. 271-296 ALCOHOL Health Canada (2004):  79.3% of Canadians reported alcohol consumption in past year  44% reported drinking weekly  Males more likely than females to report drinking in past year  Highest drinking rates among 18-24 year olds  Approx. 95% of university students consume alcoholic beverages (Addiction Research Foundation) American stat 80% OF CANADIAN UNIVERSITY STUDENTS CONSUME ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES  Through automobile crashes and other injuries, alcohol is the leading cause of death among people ages 15-24  Ethyl alcohol is the common psychoactive ingredient in all alcoholic beverages  When consumed, alcohol is absorbed into the bloodstream from small intestine, stomach, colon  It is then distributed throughout the body’s tissues, affecting nearly every body system  Main site of alcohol metabolism = liver - transforms alcohol into energy and other products  Body can typically metabolize approx. ½ -3/4 of a drink in 1 hour (8.5 grams) ALCOHOL  If more alcohol is consumed than is metabolized, blood alcohol concentration(BAC) will steadily increase, as will level of intoxication (0.08 is the driving limit)  BAC depends on: o Sex o Weight – ‘heavier people have more AREA to diffuse alcohol’ - Laura o Body fat o Water content in body’s tissues o Concentration of alcohol in beverage o Rate of consumption o Volume of alcohol consumed Effects of Chronic Use of Alcohol • Average lifespan of alcohol abusers is 10-12 years shorter than that of nonabusers • Cirrhosis - Liver cells are destroyed and replaced with fibrous scar tissue resulting in a fatty liver (fibrosis) • Inflammation of pancreas causing nausea, vomiting, abnormal digestion, abdominal pain (high blood pressure, weakening of heart muscle) • Cardiovascular problems (high blood pressure, weakening of heart muscle) • Related to oral cancer, cancers of the esophagus, liver, stomach, pancreas, possibly breast cancer Effects of Chronic Use of Alcohol • Linked to asthma, gout (acute attack arthritis in joints), diabetes, recurrent infections, nutritional deficiencies, nervous system diseases • Psychiatric problems – paranoia, memory loss, memory gaps • Drinking during pregnancy can result in miscarriage, stillbirth, fetal alcohol syndrome, or alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorder (the child may be really small, mentally i
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