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Introduction to Health and Exercise Psychology Lecture Notes

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Western University
Health Sciences
Health Sciences 1001A/B
Bert Carron

White 1 Introduction to Health and Exercise  PA interventions best when tailored to individual preferences Psychology  Middle aged and older adults prefer exercising Exercise Adherence – sticking to or faithfully conforming alone to a standard of behaviour in order to meet some goal Study on Preferences of University Students Are people “sticking to it”?  50% insufficiently active  Majority of population is not active at levels  Primary purpose: determine PA contexts rated sufficient to result in health benefits or disease most and least preferable for aerobic activity prevention (30min/day, 5days/week, 75% HR) and strength training  Approx. 20-50% of adults who begin an exercise  Secondary purpose: determine whether gender influences preferences program withdraw within the first 6 months  Method: 601 Kin undergrads (198 males mean Determinants of Exercise Adherence age 19.74, 403 females mean age 19.36); 1) Personal Factors demographic info collected; participants asked  Demographics (income, education, to identify most and least preferred contexts for aerobics and strength training occupation, age, gender)  Behaviour (past program participation,  Possible Contexts: 1) Structured class setting diet)  Cognitive/Personality (self-efficacy, self- 2) With others outside a structured class setting motivation, beliefs, expectations) 3) Alone in an exercise setting 4) Completely alone 2) Social Factors (support from…)  Important others (physician, colleagues)  Results for Aerobics and Strength:  Males most preferred 2  Family  Exercise leader  Females most preferred 2, but more  Other exercisers spread out  Males least preferred 1 by far  Group cohesion 3) Situational Factors  Females least preferred 4  Convenience of exercise facility  Consistent with research that individuals  Lack of time most frequent excuse possess a fundamental need to affiliate  Climate Individual Adherence 4) Program factors  Exercise intensity – moderate intensity  Review of 39 studies containing 3626 level best for adherence and participants show that exercise adherence was maintenance higher for home-based aerobics compared to  Social context group based exercise  Exercise leader  38 studies with 57 PA interventions and 16403  Cost participants show that adherence in home vs group based interventions were small and short Contexts for Physical Activity lived  Conflicting due to differences among home and  Most common context for PA are in a group or alone outside a structured setting group based conditions  Home based contact  Home based isolation White 2  Group based collectives d) Perceived benefits will  Group based true groups outweigh perceived barriers  EXAMPLE (Braveheart) Group Versus Individual Approach? A Meta-Analysis of o William Wallace is main catalyst the Effectiveness of Interventions to Promote Physical and Scots have begun to fight Activity the English  Purpose – to compare relative merits of o English King sends large army to put down rebellion contexts typically employed in the PA intervention literature in terms of adherence o English and Scot forces are about to meet on battlefield behaviour  Method – 18 studies containing 1650 o Behaviour advocated is fighting/war to prevent adverse participants were found pertaining to condition English Rule adherence  Adherence Measures – dropouts, o
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