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Lecture 16

Health Sciences 1001A/B Lecture Notes - Lecture 16: Ethanol, Binge Drinking, Water Content


Department
Health Sciences
Course Code
HS 1001A/B
Professor
Shauna Burke
Lecture
16

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I. Alcohol
A. Ethyl alcohol is the most common psychoactive ingredient in all alcoholic
beverages
B. When consumed, alcohol is absorbed into the bloodstream from the small
intestine, stomach, and colon
C. It is then distributed throughout the body’s tissues, affecting nearly every body
system
D. Main site of alcohol metabolism is the liver
1. Liver transforms alcohol into energy and other products
E. Body can metabolize about ½ to 3.4 of a drink in an hour, although it varies
widely
F. If more alcohol is consumed than is metabolized, blood alcohol concentration
(BAC) will steadily increase, as will level of intoxication
G. BAC depends on:
1. Sex
2. Weight
3. Body fat
4. Water content in body’s tissues
5. Concentration of alcohol in beverage
6. Rate of consumption
7. Volume of alcohol consumed
II. Video: “Death By Alcohol”
A. Sam Spady
1. Successful university student
B. Binge drinking is an issue on campuses today
1. Almost like a last man standing culture of who can drink the most
2. Common to drink until you throw up or pass out
C. BAC over .35 leads to coma and death
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