Health Sciences 1001A/B Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Canadian Paediatric Society, Breast Milk, Colostrum

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Protects infant from bacteria and viruses that the mother comes in contact with: breast milk adapts to the age of infant. Constantly changes to meet the infant"s nutritional needs: composition changes in early postpartum period, from colostrum to mature milk. Colostrum, the yellowish, sticky breast milk produced at the end of pregnancy, is recommended by who as the perfect food for the newborn, and feeding should be initiated within the first hour after birth (who, Society 2012: benefits: breastfeeding is the normal way of providing young infants with the nutrients they need for healthy growth/development. Short term benefits: pain: not breastfeeding increases infants responses to pain, analysis of 11 studies show that both breastfeeding & human milk are pain relieving. Long term benefits: reduced risk of some childhood cancers. Several studies have found increased risk of some childhood cancers (leukemia, lymphoma, hodgkin"s) when children have not been breastfed. Breastfeeding associated with increased scores o developmental/cognitive screening tools.

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