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Health Sciences 1002A/B Maquiladoras, Human Rights, and Social Change.docx

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Health Sciences
Health Sciences 1002A/B
Jessica Polzer

Health Science 1002A Maquiladoras, Human Rights and Social Change November 27, 2012 Maquiladoras • Export Processing Zones – an industrial zone with special incentives set up to attract foreign investors in which imported materials undergo some degree of processing before being re-exported • How prevalent are Maquiladoras?  2012 – approximately 116 countries with EPZs which employed 37 million people • Young women often gain access to employment through these jobs  Women are seen as more docile and less resistant under the conditions that they have to work under Maquiladora Industry in Mexico • “An integral part of the economic and social structure of the entire United States-Mexico border”  Capitalize on cheaper labor, lack of health and safety regulations, environmental regulations  There is a certain willingness, often among the host government (where the factories are located) to overlook their own laws that may protect the workers, environment, etc. • Border Industrialization Program (BIP > free trade zone created in 1965 1. To reduce unemployment in Mexico 2. Stimulate industrial development by attracting foreign investors 3. Encourage joint business ventures between those two countries
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