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Healthology Lecture Notes.docx

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Department
Health Sciences
Course
Health Sciences 2000A/B
Professor
Leichelle Little
Semester
Winter

Description
Lecture2WhatisHealthWhenisHealthUnhealthyDisagreementsaboutthemeaningofhealtharecommonbecausehealthcanhavemedicalsocialeconomicspiritualandmanyothercomponentsOutlineCaseStudyCompleteObsessionTheDefinitionofHealthoHowcanitbedefinedoFourModelsofHealthKeyComponentsofHealthFutureGoalsforHealthoMillenniumGoalsMeasuringMonitoringHealthoPerceptionvsRealityoTechnologyandmhealthReflectionYourOwnDefinitionofHealthDiscussionCompleteObsessionApotemnophiliaanattractiontotheideaofbeinganamputeeoDonotachieveamputationbymedicaltreatmenttheywilldoitbyselfinjuryoXenomeliaTheoppositefeelingthatoneormorelimbsofonesbodydonotbelongtoonesselfLargenumberofpeopleinterestedonediscussiongrouphas1400subscribersMedicalModelDefinitionofhealthabsenceofdiseaseordisabilityTreatmentbodyasamachinetobefixedwhenbrokerestorebalanceResearchMedicalresearchcurrentlyiscenteredaroundthemedicalmodelalthoughthenewerdefinitionsofhealthareexertinganinfluenceBenefitsoHighlyproductiveintheadvancementofthemedicalscienceandhealthwood1986oObjectivistvieweasilymeasuredLimitationsoDeemphasizespreventionoDifficultyofadaptingittoemotionalandpsychiatricdisordersoDiseaseismorethanbiologicalassocialandeconomicfactorsmustbetakenintoaccountWHOModelCreatedon7April1948bythememberstatesoftheUnitedNationsFundamentalobjectiveoftheattainmentbyallpeoplesofthehighestpossiblelevelofhealthChallengedpoliticalacademiccommunityandprofessionalorganizationsdevotedtoimprovingorpreservinghealthtobeaccountablefortheirworkDefinitionofhealthastateofcompletephysicalmentalandsocialwellbeingandnotmerelytheabsenceofdiseaseorinfirmityUnitedNations1984PreventionpreventativecareiswidelypracticedwithroutinephysicalsandvaccinationsResearchusedinimportanthealthstudiesmoreemphasisontheconnectionbetweenphysicalandmentalhealthSocialHealthoIndividualsassocialbeingswhosehealthisaffectedbysocialbehaviourandinteractionoAlamedaCountystudyfirststudytolookatnatureandextentofsocialnetworksmarriageclosefriendsrelativesectFoundthatsocialnetworkshavebroadhealthconsequencesoCollectivesocialnetworksBerkmanBreslow1983oIndividualsocialparticipationinactivitiesandinterpersonalinteractionsWare1981BenefitsoAsomewhatcomprehensivedefinitionofhealthoDevelopedmorepracticalnormsfrommentalandsocialhealthLimitationsoSocialfactorsindependentdimensionsofhealthoNoconsensusonthemeaningofwellbeinginthedefinitionoCriticizedbysomeastooabstracthasagoalmorethanaguidelineforconcreteactionsoDifficulttomeasurehealthinasensethatwouldsatisfyusualscientificcriteriaWellnessModelDefinitionofhealthoHealthpromotionandprogresstowardhigherfunctioningenergycomfortandintegrationofmindbodyandspiritoHealthisgreatlyinfluencedbypersonalfeelingsenergycomfortandtheabilitytoperformlinkagebetweenmindandbodyTreatmentoThewellnessmodelrecognizesthatverylargenumbersofdiseasesarehealedbythebodyitselfoHealthpromotionanddiseasepreventionarekeyelementshelpingoneselfintheprocessorrecoveryisslowedResearchoFocusingnotonlyonthewholepersonbutalsoonpromotingthepositiveaspectsofhealthBenefitsoThewellnessmodelrecognizestheimportantlinkagebetweenmindandbodythatthepracticingphysicianmayoverlookoHealthpromotionandresponsibilityforonesownhealthLimitationsoNumerousdifficultiesinmeasuringsubjectiveperceptionsoPerceptionsofwellnessvaryaccordingtoageandculturalcontextoWellnessmayexpandhealthintoatoobroaddefinitionformeasurementHappinessandHealthApersonmaybeperfectlyhealthybythemedicalmodelbutbeunhappyandhavealowqualityoflifeaccordingtothewellnessmodelIsitourrighttobehappyorhealthyorbothEnvironmentalModelDefinitionofHealthodynamicequilibriumwiththeenvironmentandcapacitytolivephysicallymentallyandsociallyBreslow1989S205OrganismworkswithitsenvironmentsuccessfullyandisabletogrowfunctionandthriveoAdaptationtophysicalandsocialsurroundingsabalancefreefromunduepaindiscomfortordisabilityTreatmentandPreventionoSelfcareandmedicalcaredesignedtoreestablishhealthbalanceoPreventimbalancefromoccurringinthefirstplacethroughhealthpromotionResearchoImprovementsinphysicalwellbeingcouldincludemoreextensivecontrollingfortheeffectsoftheenvironmentBenefitsoEmphasisonhealthpromotionrequiringsupportiveenvironmentsSpellerLearmonthandHarrison1997LimitationsoMeasurementproblemsexistbecauseconceptualdefinitionsaresobroadFutureGoalsHowHealthisDefinedoImpactonhowanationallocatesitsresourcesoHelpsustooutlinehowtomeasurehealthoutcomesandqualityofcareWillnewconceptsofhealthleadtonewmethodsofmeasurementwhichmaybeeventuallyusefulinovercomingdiseaseandadvancinghealthMillenniumGoalsoSeptember2001UnitedNationsUNpresentedtheMillenniumDevelopmentGoalsMDGsasalistofcommongoalsfortheworldcommunitytoachieveby2015oExamplesreducechildmortalityeradicateextremepovertyhungerProblemswithMillenniumGoalsMaynotbeachievedby2015aswasinitiallyenvisionedandareunlikelytobemetinthenexttwodecadesShouldwelowerorreadjustourexpectationsIstheconceptofhealthadeceptionIsitevenpossibletoreachabasiclevelofagreementonthemeaningoftheworldhealthResultsfromStudyIndividualsansweredthequestionbasedonWHOdefinitionWouldthisbedifferentiftherewasadifferentdefinitionattached60saidtheywereingoodverygoodhealthaccordingtoSTATScanPerceptionofHealthAlthoughitisameasureofperceivedratherthanactualhealthresearchhasshownthatselfassessedhealthstatusisapredictorofGerdthametal1999McCallumetal1994
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