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Guest Speaker #4 - Urban planning.docx

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Department
Health Sciences
Course
Health Sciences 3071A/B
Professor
Anita Cramp
Semester
Winter

Description
Urban Environments & Health Urban development at Western ­ Human Environments Analysis Laboratory (HEAL) ­ Environmental influences, especially vulnerable populations (ie. Children) ­ Synthesis and dissemination of information ­ Special affinity for GIS ­ Influence of the built environment on obesity ­ How can environments affect people’s health? o Opportunity stuctures: socially constructed and socially patterned features  of the physical and social enviro which may promote or damage health  either directly or indirectly through the possibilities they provide for  people to live healthy lives (Macintyre) ­ Built environment = everything human constructed ­ Central park is partially natural and built ­ Health promoting: grocery stores, parks, etc. o Socio­economic equality, social cohesion, public healthcare, affordable  housing, high employment, good schools, family/marital status, sense of  community, support networks, democracy, non­sexist policies ­ Health damaging: sanitation, garbage, locally unwanted land uses, toxic mold,  uncollected garbage, fast food joints, food deserts, polluted water, toxic mold,  casinos o Smoking norms, low wages, high unemployment, advertising & media,  low education levels, sexist workplace ­ Social policies supporting biking infrastructure can lead to more people taking  active transport, making physical activity a social norm = more safe ­ 59% of Canadian adults are overweight or obese ­ ¼ of children in CAANADA (US
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