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Department
Kinesiology
Course
Kinesiology 1080A/B
Professor
Matthew Heath
Semester
Winter

Description
Kin 1080 – Feb. 25, 2013 Gun Fight - Person who draws last wins the gun fight - Draw first  top down decision, involves lots of corticol activation: robustly activated during a top down decision - These top down decision are a slow process (slow decision time because it involves a whole host of corticol regions): causing the movement to be slow; slower response - Top down decision leads to using a lot of pathways leading to slower movement - The person who sees their opponent draw a gun activates a stimulus driven response for the person who drew the gun second: reflexive; it simply just happens - No top down cognitive control - This is because it uses a very basic neural circuitory; the circuitory is not corticol  it is mediated subcortically  Don’t have to go through all the cortical structures; very fast - Much faster than someone who has activated top down decision - Therefore, the person who draws second should win the gun fight Scientific Method  Goals of Science: Understand (Describe, Explain & Predict) - Empirical basis by which to have a goal describing, explain and predict events - Explanation  One group getting no drug (placebo), one group gets the drug; and you check to see if you get any improvement in performance between those two groups  If the drug group gets a significant improvement then you are able to say that this pharmaceutical agent is able to help alleviate the symptoms of the neurological disorder  You can explain if the drug has any benefit or no benefit - Predict  Take information to predict someone’s subsequent events (Predictions are made from collected data)  Empiricism: Verification by observation  Verification by observation  conducting an experiment  Proposals are subjects to a test  Perform an experiment and obtain data  In science, the scientific method is a process of gathering knowledge about the world  Ask questions: These questions are turned into hypothesis  it guides how you’re going to conduct the research/lab  Should be able to identify the hypothesis is a primary goal; he experiment/research is to test the hypothesis to prove whether or not it’s true or not  Science is just one way of acquiring knowledge Research Methods  Experiment  It is a tool for determining the nature of relationship between the variables  To either confirm of disconfirm the hypothesis  Manipulate and observe the effects of a variable on another variable - There is mostly independent variable that is manipulated; dependent variable is measured - Independent Variable: a variable that is manipulated by the experimenter; observe the effects of independent variable on the dependent variable - Dependent Variable: variable that is measured; change is dependent variable is assumed to be a result of change in independent variable - The goal is to see the effect of the manipulated variable of the measured variable - What are the independent variables? These are the - What the dependent variables? questions that you - How do the variables relate to the concepts of interest? need to consider while reading an - What are the (expected) results? academic article - What are the interpretations/conclusions?  Did the researchers satisfy
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