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Kin 1088A Sept. 17.docx

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Kinesiology 1088A/B
Bob Larose

Continuation from September 15 Personal factors (needs, interests, goals, personality) Participant – by situation reaction Situational (leader-coaching style, team win-loss record) Some motivational factors can be easily changed while others are more difficult to influence Guidelines: 1) Both the situation and personal traits motivate participants 2) It is important for a leader to understand what motivates a participant - Multiple motives (natural skills, friends) - Competing needs (de-motivational factor; social vs. pressure ) - Shared and/or unique motives (desire to win) - Motives change over time (changed for social, or skill, ect.) 3) Structure or change the environment to enhance motivation (put in situation where they can satisfy motivational preferences) 4) Critical role of the leader in influencing the motivation of the participants (coaching style; coaches have the biggest influence – especially for those new to sport) 5) Undesirable motives can be changed through behaviour modification techniques Toke Rewards as Motivators Reward: “things: used to modify or manipulate behaviour – material rewards (a leader uses to modify behaviour) Reinforcement: personal interactions – verbal and non-verbal (more info later) – getting a smile, pat on the back, “good job” Taken Rewards – also known as: - Behavioural modification - Token economies - **contingency management - Operant conditioning Contingency: relationship between behaviour and it consequence C.M – the regulation of behaviour by use of tokens to influence or alter outcomes Examples of token rewards: - Trophy, stickers, recognition, food, freedom, love, stars/decals, free time, privileges, money Undesirable behaviours can be eliminated through use of token rewards Ex – text pg. 134 – change behaviours of swim t
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