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Kin1088A Sept. 24.docx

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Kinesiology 1088A/B
Bob Larose

Continued from September 22 2) Extrinsic Motivation – behaviour engaged for reasons other than the activity itself – external rewards, activity becomes a means to an end – a way to and external reward or comply with demands of others, produces a feeling of external control resulting in compliance or defiance and is manifested by feelings of pressure, tension, or apprehension **Intrinsic and Extrinsic motives are interactive but not additive (see pg. 139) – can compete or co- operate with one another How external rewards influence intrinsic interest have been analyzed in two ways: - Empirical approach – researched based o Lepper & Green (1975) – Nursery Study, felt tipped pens for drawing  3 groups of kids – expected reward, no reward, unexpected reward  1 week later measured amount of free time spent drawing with pens Results: expected reward spent less than half the time drawing than the non-reward or unexpected groups did Extrinsic rewards actually decrease the intrinsic interest in the activity o Cognitive evaluation theory (Deci & Ryan, 1985) – evaluates how an individual perceives the impact of external rewards and thus the effect this perception has on his/her intrinsic motivation (enhance it or undermine it)  A sub theory of the self-determination theory (Deci & Ryan, 2000) – 3 basic psychological needs: effectance, relatedness and autonomy Thus a reward can be perceived to have a controlling or an informational function i) Control – locus of Causality (self-determination) – if external it undermines internal motivation, in internal it enhances internal motivation ii) Information – about one’s competence – greater perceived competence enhances internal motivation, diminished perceived competence decreases internal mot
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