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Kin 1088A Nov 15

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Kinesiology 1088A/B
Bob Larose

*inner factors from diagram* 1) Attitudes – competitiveness is a learned behaviour and is influenced by the social environment and varies in intensity by: a. Culture b. Personality c. Age 2) Personality dispositions – need for achievement; seek out challenges where success is in doubt , fear of failure – avoidance of competitive situations 3) Ability – the relationship between ability and the challenges of the task influence the competitive drive; competitiveness is strongest when participants are relatively equal in ability a. If unequal in ability the activity becomes co=operative learning until more equal in ability b. Competitiveness is strongest if participants have high ability c. If low in ability and made to compete, effort, performance and interest are reduced 4) Motives – early success increases competitive drive while early failure decreases it and either circumstance can influence the participant’s motives for future competition a. Suggest more cooperative style games (rec. leagues) at younger age b. Wait till early teens for highly competitive games and teams c. Insure some initial success if possible (scheduling, controlled, scrimmages, exhibition games) Competitiveness (Orlick, 1978 & Coakley, 1994) - Reduce competitiveness and experiences of failure in sport for younger children - Develop positive behaviours and attitudes about sport
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