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Lecture 9

Lecture 9&10.docx

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Department
Kinesiology
Course
Kinesiology 1088A/B
Professor
Bob Larose
Semester
Fall

Description
Special Communication Situations 1. Confrontation Face to face discussion between two people in conflict  When used properly it can “clear the air”  Examine the problem or behaviour and its consequences, rather than dictate specific solutions  If used- don’t use when angry (count to 10)  Provide specific information or instruction  Don’t attack character or personality  Identify exact feelings  Think about consequences  Empathize- put yourself in the other place  Understand- clarify facts, ask direct questions, don’t judge  Be tentative- proceed gradually 2. Criticism Use the “Sandwich Approach”  A positive statement  Future-oriented instruction  A compliment Communication  Communication process  Be effective in sending and receiving messages  Identify breakdowns in communication  Communication can be used for confrontation and criticism  Want to be clear in what you are sending and what you are receiving Exercise Adherence  Sticking together or faithfully conforming to a standard of behaviour in order to meet some goal Benefits of Exercise Mortality/ Longevity  All- cause mortality rates have been found to be lowest in the most fit individuals  Regular exercise can slow, and in some cases reverse, functional lsses, associated with aging (e.g. increase strength and functional capacity, reduce probability of falling)  Only 18% of women and 33% of men over 65 years of age are categorized as being active Physical/ Physiological  Weight control  Decreases resting heart rate  Improves max VO2  Prevents high blood pressure  Reduces coronary heart disease risk  Decreases % body fat  Maintains bone density Cognitive  Chronic exercise has been shown to improve cognitive functioning (e.g. memory academic achievement) in high school students and adults Psychological  Decreased stress  Decreased anxiety  Decreased depression  Improved mood  Improved self-esteem  Improved perceptions of quality of life Financial  Increased productivity  Less time lost from job  Reduction in healthcare costs Other  Enjoyment  Socialization Despite the numerous benefits associated with exercise, many people still do not exercise regularly Statistics  64% of Americans were seen as overweight or obese in 2004  Only 10% of sedentary people will ever begin an exercise program  50% of people who start an exercise program will drop
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