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Kinesiology - Chapter 8 Group Cohesion.docx

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Western University
Kinesiology 1088A/B
Bob Larose

Chapter 8 - Group Cohesion October 12th Cohesion: The result of all forces acting on members to remain in the group Definition 2: Resistance of the group to disruptive forces Dynamic process reflected in the tendency for a group to attract members, stick together, and remain united in the pursuit of its goals and/or the satisfaction of its members 2 dimensions: Task & Social 1. Multidimensional - numerous factors cause groups to stick together 2. Dynamic- can change over time 3. Instrumental- groups stick together for task purposes (to achieve common goals & objectives) 4. Affection- groups stick together because members like/enjoy each other’s company (social attraction) Conceptual model of cohesion:  Environmental factors  Leadership factors  Team factors  Personal factors Lead to cohesion then splits into group and individual outcomes Environmental/situational factors:  Contracts, eligibility, transfer, geographical boundaries  Normative/social (peer) pressures on a quitter  Organizational orientation (goals, strategies, maturity, sex, age)  Group size - moderately sized groups are the best from both a task and social perspective  Geography(physical and functional proximity) Personal factors:  Variable( demographics, age, cognitions, behaviors)  Similarity( shared attributes- personality, sex, backgrounds)  Shared attitudes & motives  Adherence, social loafing, sacrifice  Satisfaction with both task and social aspects ( most important personal factor)  Circular relation between cohesion, satisfaction, and performance Leadership factors:  Task orientated behaviours ( clarifying group goals and member roles)  Communication (feedback, reinforcement, rewards, appreciation)  Decision making style  Coach athle
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