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Kinesiology 1088A/B

Attention Control/Concentration November 16, 2011 Definition  The ability to direct and hold thoughts and sense on specific objects, events or feelings o Focus on relevant environmental cues (selective attention) o Maintain focus over time o Awareness of situation (game sense) 3 Aspects  Width of attentional focus (broad/narrow)  Direction of attentional focus (internal/external)  Ability to shift attentional focus (from computer to slide show) Generalizations 1. We usually have attentional focus strength in one to two areas  ie. locating the car vs knowing prices of items 2. Attentional focus shifts constantly 3. When under stress:  Ability to shift focus is impaired  Strengths become more dominant  Focus tends to become narrowed and internalized Dimensions of Attentional Focus  Width (broad or narrow)  Direction (internal or external)  Create 4 dimensions: WIDTH BROAD NARROW I Broad Internal Narrow Internal N T  Analysis/planning  Memorizing E  Strategy development  Studying R  Monitoring tension N  Mental rehearsal A L DIRECTION Broad External Narrow External E X  Observation  Focus on a singular task T  Playmaking  Concentration on a target E  Awareness R  “Street sense”/“Game N sense” A L Attentional Problems Broad Internal Narrow Internal  Paralysis of analysis  Too self-aware - So involved in analyzing you  Locked into own ideas and feelings can’t perform a skill  Become distracted - Over analysis - Typical focus under stress  Too many options Broad External Narrow External  Too much information processing  No adjustments (rigidity) (confused)  Can’t react to changing situation - You are taking in all the relevan Stay too long with original plans cues, but some of them are not relevant  Difficulty distinguishing among cues  Make same mistakes over and over (not enough analysis) - We stop making changes - We can’t adjust to particular game situations As a quarterback calls the play he is in a broad internal focus, while taking in the defensive set up, etc. As quarterback comes up to the line of scrimmage he needs a broad external focus to examine where the defense are positioned. If he feels another play may work better he may change the play. The quarterback changes focus to narrow external to prepare to receive the ball. For the quarterback to evaluate the defense, find the receiver and avoid the oncoming offense he needs a broad external focus. As he concentrates on throwing a good pass, his focus changes to narrow external. Wide individual difference s in attentional style and it is constantly shifting from one style to another Distractions to attentional focus: 1. Internal Distracters  Past events (mistakes)  Future events (“what ifs”)  Overanalyzing mechanics o Don’t want to make the same mistake twice  Fatigue or lack of motivation  Choking – example of the process The Choking Process Conditions leading to choking  Important competition  Critical plays in a competition  Evaluation by coaches, peers, and parents Physical Changes Attentional Changes 
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