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Sept 10th&12th - Chapter 1&3 Intro&Motivation Lecture Notes.docx

5 Pages

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Kinesiology 1088A/B
Bob Larose

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Chapter 1 – Welcome to Sport & Exercise Psychology September 10th Methods/Ways of knowing  Scientific Method/Experiments  Systematic Observation  Single Case Study  Shared Public Experience  Introspection (thoughts/feelings) – sit back & reflect on an experience  Intuition (tacit knowledge) – when something seems like it’s logical or that’s the way it should be Ways of knowing in sport psychology Any systematic study of sport psychology should include the following stages: 1. Observation & Description (what is) – Identify or define the essential characteristics 2. Explain & Analysis (why?) – Attempt to provide reason for the findings in stage 1 3. Prediction (what will be) – Use the knowledge obtained to predict future occurrences 4. Control (how can we?) – What can we control to change the behaviour or performance? Scientific Method  Founded on the concept of objectivity (lack of bias – researchers are detached observers & manipulators of nature)  It is a process or method of learning that uses systematic, controlled, empirical, and critical filtering of knowledge acquired through experience. 6 Steps of the scientific method: 1. Formulation of a specific hypothesis 2. Design of the investigation 3. Accumulation of data 4. Classification of data 5. Development of generalizations 6. Verification of results  These steps provide scientist with a way of collecting reliable and valid (internal) data that can then be used to develop generalizable theories and law of human behaviours  HOWEVER, this is a slow and conservative process that often lacks external validity (practicality) Professional practice knowledge Holistic & Experiential  Guided trial & error learning reflecting the complex interplay of many factors  It is often innovative & immediately applicable but less reliable and susceptible to bias  Biggest difference is the central and active role of the researcher in the process of knowing (within the research rather than a neutral, outside observer) Pre-eminence of TACIT KNOWLEDGE  A process of intuition that integrates clues into meaning Subsidiary awareness of certain clues  “we know more than we can tell”  “It just seems logical” Examples:  Case Studies (n of 1)  Clinical reports  In-depth interviews  Introspective reports (journals)  Participant observations  Shared experiences You must actively integrate scientific knowledge with professional experience & temper these with your own insights & intuition. Motivation From the Latin – “Movere” = to move A theoretical contract (not a directly observable phenomenon) Is used to account for the:  Selection  Intensity  Persistence of behaviour, learning or performance in any activity. Chapter 3 – Motivation September 12th The direction (approach/avoid) And Intensity (high/low) Of one’s effort  P
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