September 13, 2010
Kinesiology – Lecture 1
*Read Chapter 1 for next lecture*
Objectives of sport and Exercise Psychology
a) How psychological factors effect our performance
b) Consider how participation in sport and exercise effects an individuals psychological
development, health, and well being
Comprehensive objective ( carron 1980)
To obtain an understanding (through description, explanation, & prediction) of the BEHAVIOUR and
performance of individuals in sport and exercise.
BEHAVIOUR = a unique way of responding to ALL stimuli.
PERFORMANCE = goal- directed behaviour for the purpose of a short term execution of a discrete
Orientations to Sport and Exercise Psychology
1) BEHAVIOURAL: behaviour of athletes determined by the environmnet.
2) PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGICAL: Study impact of physiological responses to activity on behaviour.
3) COGNITIVE-BEHAVIOURAL: Behaviour determined by ones interpretation of both environment
and cognitions (thoughts)
Clinical counselling: eating disorders
Crisis Interventions: “slumpbusting”
Consultaion & Program development
Prevention & treatment of injuries
Sport Psychologist VS. Sport Consultant
SPORT PSYCHOLOGY – WHAT IS IT?
If we want to understand human BEHAVIOUR and PERFORMANCE in sport and exercise,
how do we go about studying them and what factors should be included in the study? September 13, 2010
HOW DO WE LEARN?
visual – gotta see it
Auditory – gotta hear it
experiantial – gotta do the action
KOLBS LEARNING CYCLE –eg1
1) Concrete Experience (CE) – actual experience
2) Reflective Observation (RO) – think about what happened
3) Abstract Conceptualizatoin (AC) – make sense of it)
4) Active Expperimentation (AE) – try out elsewhere)
METHODS / WAYS OF KNOWING –eg2
Scientific method / Experiments
Systematic Observation – one person does it this way, another does it this way, still succeeds
Single Case Study – take one person see how he did it and apply it to someone else see if they can do it.
Shared Public Experience – best of the few ways
Introspection (thoughts/ Feelings)
Intuition (tactic Knowledge)
Ways of knowing in sport Psychology
Any systematic study of sport psychology should include the following stages:
1. Observations & Description ( what is)
- Identify or define the essential characteristics.
2. Explanation & Analysis (why?)
- Attempt to provide reason for the findings in stage 1
3. Prediction (what will be)
- Use the knowledge obtained to predict future occurrences
4. Control (how can we?)
- What can we control to change the behavior or performance?
-Founded on the concept of Objectivity