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Western University
Kinesiology 1088A/B

Self-Confidence as a Motivator It is possible to have either too much or too little confidence Definitions: Self-confidence – a general feeling of mastery (personal trait), belief you can successfully perform a task Self-efficacy – confidence in a specific situation (not necessarily confident in all situations – state)e/he, the strength of an individual’s conviction that she/he can successfully execute a behaviour, perform a task or handle a situation to produce a desired result, self-efficacy combines with incentives to succeed and the ability to succeed to produce a successful performance Sport Confidence (Vealey, 1986) – belief by an athlete that they possess the ability to be successful in sport, can be either state (ability at one moment) or trait (applicable to all sports in general) a) Self-efficacy influences the degree of effort and persistence given to a task and thus effects the performance of that task a. Example: Weinberg (1979) leg extension endurance; tested subjects in direct competition with another person, manipulated self-efficacy by saying other was either a track athlete or a post-knee surgery rehab subject, given two trials and told lost the first one, performance differences were maximized after a failure situation (more or less effort/persistence) b) Self-efficacy is both a cause and an effect of performance a. Example: Feltz (1982) – tested female college students on a backward dive performance and evaluated approach/avoidance tendencies, if first dive successful = higher self- efficacy and future performance, if didn’t = lower self-efficac
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