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Lecture 4

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Kinesiology 2276F/G
J.Paige Gregson

September 17, 2012 Chapter 3- Theories and Models of Exercise Behaviour I Social Cognitive Approaches Objectives  Identify importance of theories  Differentiate a model from a theory  Define motivation  Explain expectancy values theory o List and provide an example for all terms o Explain limitations and the usefulness of EVT  Be able to apply the theory to a case study Theories vs Models Theory : Explains why phenomenon or behaviour occurred Importance of Theories  Explains  Scientifically validated blueprint o Base for research questions  Identify and organize variables Model:  Acts as a visual representation of a phenomenon or behaviour  Does not always indicate why phenomenon occurred Motivation Defined  A dynamic process, that refers to the direction and intensity of one’s effort toward a behaviour o Determination/ drive/ desire Intrinsic vs Extrinsic Motivation Intrinsic: Extrinsic: Expectancy Value Theories: Motivation (and thus behaviour) is predicated by the following: Expectancy-Value Approach Applied to Exercise Behaviour Value = High Expected Outcome= inability to exercise  Value = Low Expected Outcome= ability to exercise  Value = Low Expected Outcome= inability to exercise  Value = High Expected Outcome= ability to exercise  Theories That Have Grown from Expectancy-Value Approach  Social Cognitive Th
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