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Lecture 11

Lecture 11

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Kinesiology 2276F/G
J.Paige Gregson

Lecture 11- Social Influences on Exercise (Ch5) Objectives  Define social influence and social support  List and explain the 5 types of social support  Identify sources of support and the type of support they provide Social Influence  Real or imagined pressure to change one’s behaviour, attitudes, or beliefs Social Support  The perceived comfort, caring, assistance, and information that a person receives from others  Two approaches: Types of Support  Instrumental Support o Providing tangible, practical assistance that will help a person achieve exercise goals  Emotional Support o The expression of encouragement, caring, empathy, and concern toward a person o Enhances self-esteem, comfort, acceptance & self-worth, reduces anxiety  Informational Support o Giving directions, advice, or suggestions about how to exercise and providing feedback regarding progress  Companionship Support o The availability of people whom one can exercise with o Produce positive affect, diminish negative feelings  Validation o Comparing oneself with others to gauge progress and confirm that one’s thoughts, feelings, problems, and experiences are normal  “if they can do it, I can do it”  Good sore vs bad sore  Where do you feel it? Research on Relationships Between Social Support and Physical Activity  Number of social contacts:  Amount and type of social support: o Exercisers need change over time, so too does the type of social support they need Individual and Group Influence on Exercise 1. Family 2. Important others 3. Fi
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