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Lecture 18

Lecture 18

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Western University
Kinesiology 2276F/G
J.Paige Gregson

th November 5 , 2012 Lecture 18- Personality and Exercise (Ch7) Objectives  Define personality  Understand & provide an example of the 3 levels of structure of personality  Understand the constitutional theory’s somatotypes  Explain the 3 subordinate trait dimensions according to Eysenck’s personality theory  Be able to apply Eysenck’s personality theory to exercise Research Objectives of the Study of Personality  Are certain personality attributes antecedents to physical activity/ exercise participation?  Do certain personality attributes develop as a consequence of physical activity/ exercise participation? Personality Defined  Underlying, relatively stable psychological structures and processes that organize human experience and shape a person’s actions and reactions to the environment  Individual’s unique but consistent psychological makeup Structure of Personality (According to Hollander [1967])  Personality Core o Developed from early environmental interactions  What values did your parents/guardians instill in you o Includes perceptions of external world and self, basic attitudes, values, interests, and motives o Reflective of who we are; least amenable to change; most stable  Example of Personality Core o Perceptions of external world  Religion, perceptions of overweight/ obese people o Perception of self  My mom was fat, so I will be fat  Athlete/ not coordinated enough for sport/ exercise o Basic attitudes/ values  Give 100%, attractive, respect, #1 o Interests/ motives  Fit, look good, be healthy  Personality core is an antecedent or consequence of physical activity/ exercise o Over time, there are people who change how physically active they are  Typical responses to situations o Fairly predictable behaviours in reactions  Examples o Shy person who won’t use a busy area of gym o Confident person demonstrates an exercise o Outgoing person introduces themselves and talks with others in an exercise class  Role-Related Behaviours o Variable, daily behaviours influenced by the particular context we are in o Most easily changed; least stable  Examples o New environment, exercise, others o Challenging situation Approaches to the Study of Personality  Biological theories  Dispositional/ trait theories  Learning/ situational approaches Constitutional Theory- Somatotypes  Individuals possess certain body types that predispose behavioural consistency: o Ectomorph: Tense, introverted, inhibited o Endomorph: affectionate, sociable, relaxed o Mesomorph: adventurous, dominant, aggressive, risk-taking  Ectomorph o Physical Characteristics  Tall, lean, linearity o Personality Type  Cerebrotonia o Personality Characteristic  Tense  Introverted  Socially restrained  Inhibited personality  Endomorph o Physical Characteristics  Plumpness, fatness, roundness o Personality Type  Visceratonia o Personality Characteristics  Affection  Sociability  Relaxation  Jovialty  Mesomorph o Physical Characteristics  Inverted triangle  Athletic body o Personality Type  Somatotonia o Personality Characteristics  Adventurous, risk taker  Dominant  Take charge Person-Situation Debate  Person perspective or trait approach: o
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