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EX PSYCH - 2276.docx

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Western University
Kinesiology 2276F/G
Craig Hall

Introduction to Exercise PsychologyPhysical Activity vs ExercisePhysical Activityall bodily movements that cause an increase of physical exertion beyond that of activities performed during normal daily living ExerciseA leisure form of physical activity which is undertaken in order to achieve a particular goal enhance appearance improve cardiovascular fitness or reduce stressDisciplines of Exercise PsychologyParentPsychologya field of study which is concerned with various mental processes people experience and use in all aspects of their livesoIt looks at what people think before during and after exercisingExercise ScienceThe study of everything related to sport recreation exercise and rehabilitationSisterRehabilitation PsychologyThe relationship between psychological factors and the physical recovery processoWhat motivates people to return to good healthHealth PsychologyMental processes related to health and heath careoNutrition healthy lifestyles why people decide to stop smokingBehavioural MedicineInterrelationships between behavioural physical and psychological factors during treatment of disease and disabilityoWhat is ones behaviourstate of mind towards becoming healthyConcerns of Exercise PsychologyThe application of psychological principles to the promotion and maintenance of leisure physical activity o50 who start an exercise program drop it within a yearThe psychological and emotional consequences of leisure physical activityWhy Study Exercise PsychologyTo understand the psychological history of exercise behaviour adoption adherence and noncomplianceTo understand the psychological consequences of exercise reduction of negative and promotion of positive psychologicalemotional states toward exerciseoIf one has a negative experiences they are more likely not to participate in the activity againReasons to Exercise1Improved psychological and physical healthfitness2Enhanced physical appearance3Improved psychologicalemotional health and proper cognitive function less stress4Improved social relations through networking at the site of exerciseBarriersConvenience and availability poor accessibilityEnvironment and ecological factors safety of exercisingPhysical limitation Injury although this is usually a myth as exercise can rehabilitateLack of timeBoredom and lack of enjoyment No motivation see chapter3Case Study Reasons Attributed to Omitting Exercising Netz Zeev Arnon Tenenbaum 2008Common BeliefMythThe primary reasons people dont exercise are lack of time and fatigueFactThe main barriers for both exercisers and nonexercisers are lack of time and fatigue but the difference is that exercisers make timesave energy to exercisePurposeLarge scale population based study done to categorize reasons people do not exerciseThey differentiated the groupsMethodRandom sample done through a questionnaireAsked the reasons for not exercising and created an exercising dichotomy determined individuals who do exercise and those who dontResults1ExternalEnvironmentalDistance between where the home and site of exercise2ExternalTimeNot making time to exercise3InternalTraitFeelings of exclusion along with the belief that only athletes exercise4InternalStateDid not feel like doing it in the moment as one has better things to do5HealthInjury or chronic disease asthma preventing exerciseConclusionNonactive people reported more reasons not to exercise than active peopleNonactive people selected fewer externalenvironmental reasons and more internaltrait vs active peopleoNonactive people said that it was not location 1 which deterred them not exercise but more feelings of exclusion 3 vs active people who lived far from the site of exercise but went anyways because they wanted toNo significant difference between exercisers and nonexercisers when it came to externaltime reasonsoAs stated above time is a perceived reason not to exerciseoWhen asked about time exercisers and nonexercisers said they have about the same amount of free time the difference is exercisers make time to exerciseAn Examination of Female NonExercisers Thoughts About ExerciseMethod40 women aged 2575 6 focus groups based on age and thoughts of exerciseoNon exerciserengages in exercise activity once or less per week in past 6 months to yearoEach focus group had 57 women with 2 groups for each age category2535 4555 6575Resultsspecific thoughts about exerciseoFrequency 2535 4555 age group every day I think about it several times a day usually in morning and nighto6575 age group no not really I just do things I do not actively think about exerciseoAll age categories time consuming boring not enjoyable can be lonelycan see themselves working hard but not enjoying itassociated exercise with work and thought it to be a choreoBenefits of not exercising2535 dont have to worry about body image in comparison with others at gym makes it not stressful and ok to be yourself and not being labelled as an exerciser4555 spend more time with family not having to make effort to include exercise in your day and use that time for more important thingsEmergence of Exercise PsychologythPhilosophy of physical fitness came out in the late 18 centuryBecame important during the fitness craze of the 70s and 80s when society originally increased the emphasis on physical appearance lean and fit was the normMore recently the realization that exercise can help reduce heightened levels of stress is enough to encourage people to exerciseThe idea that individuals can play an active role in maintainingimprovingones healthOccupational Opputunites in Exercise PsychologyEducation of all levelsFitness and wellnessRehabilitiationBusinessThinking about exercise related scenariosCase Awork family and fatigue not enough time to exercise
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