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Ch. 2.docx

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Kinesiology 2276F/G
Craig Hall

1Chapter 2 Physical Activity Epidemiology DefinitionsEpidemic Anything that affects a large number of people study of patterns of disease risk factors and causesEpidemiology Study of epidemics dealing with the incidence distribution and control of a disease in a population5 Ws who exercises where when why what do they doStudies variations in physical activity pattern across certain age groupsWhy certain individuals are physically active and why some are notEpidemic of Physical InactivityPhysical inactivity and poor dietResponsible for 16 of deaths each year according to CDCTwo of the leading causes of diseases such as cardiovascular disease type 2 diabetes and some cancersWhy Is There an EpidemicIndustrial revolutionwork force has become more sedentary so must get it in their leisure timeIncreased technology less physical activityReduced occupational physical activityIncreased stressHigher risk ofhealth problems such as CVD Healthy People 2010US department of Health and Human Services task forceBuilds upon healthy people 2000 didnt meet goalCreated specific objectives for US physical activity by 2010Goal improve health fitness and quality of life of US population through daily PAExamples of Healthy People 2010 Physical Activity and Fitness ObjectivesReduce the proportion of adults who engage in no leisuretime physical activityIncrease the proportion of adolescents who engage in moderate physical activity for at least 30 minutes on five or more days per weekIncrease the proportion of adolescents who engage in vigorous physical activity that promotes the development and maintenance of cardiorespiratory fitness three or more days per week for 20 minutes or more per occasionIncrease the proportion of adults who perform physical activities that enhance and maintain muscular strength and enduranceIncrease the proportion of adults who perform physical activities that enhance and maintain flexibilityIncrease the proportion of the national public and private schools that require daily physical education for all students
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