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Kinesiology 2276F/G ch 4.docx

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Western University
Kinesiology 2276F/G
Craig Hall

1Chapter 4 Theories and Models of Exercise Behaviour IIHow People Learn New BehavioursClassical conditioningA reflexive behaviour salivating blinking eye can be elicited through repeated pairing of behaviour with an antecedent cue precedes behaviourExample Pavlovs Dogsalivates at the ring of a bell though there is no foodInstrumental conditioningA voluntary non reflective behaviour can be learned by pairing the behaviour with consequent reinforcement reward that follows behaviourExample Dogs sit when they know they will get a cookieStimulusResponse TheoryFuture exercise behaviour depends primarily on whether the exerciser experienced positive or negative outcomes following previous exercise boutsIdentifies events that follow a behaviour and effects on future behaviour4 types of events that can follow a behaviour affect future behaviourPositive ReinforcementNegative ReinforcementPunishmentExtinctionPositive ReinforcementAn enjoyable or pleasant outcome that makes a person feel good and that strengthens a particular behaviourIncrease likelihood of exercising in the futureIntrinsic reinforcers rewards that come from within oneself feeling good about ones body sense of accomplishmentExtrinsic reinforcers rewards that come from other people or that you give yourself verbal praise from fitness instructor compliments from friendsNegative ReinforcementGenerally unpleasant or aversive stimuli that when withdrawn after a behaviour will increase the frequency of that behaviour in the futureChronic pain arthritisriding a bike could reduce knee discomfortPositive and negative reinforcement most effective when delivered frequently and immediately after exercisebigger effect on future exercise behaviourWeight loss is a poor reinforcer for exercise no immediate reinforcement from workoutsPunishmentUnpleasant or uncomfortable stimulus encountered after a behaviour decreasing the probability of that behaviour happening in the futureWomen not exercising because they do not like feeling sweaty
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