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Kinesiology (3,221)
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Department
Kinesiology
Course
Kinesiology 4474A/B
Professor
Bob Larose
Semester
Winter

Description
StrategiesforEnhancingAdherenceMaketheexerciseenjoyableusevarietyandmusicEncouragesocialsupportfromsignificantothersTailortheintensityfrequencyanddurationtotheindividualOfferachoiceofactivitiesSuggestkeepingdailylogsFocusondissociativeenvironmentalcuesratherthanassociativeinternalbodilycueswhileexercisingPSYCHOLOGICALSKILLSTRAININGPSTCHAPTER11DefinitionthesystematicandconsistentpracticeofmentalorpsychologicalskillsPsychologicalskillscanbelearnedbutmustbepracticedandintegratedintoyourtrainingroutinePsychologicalfactorsaccountformostdaytodayfluctuationsinperformanceMythsPsychologicalskillsareinnatetheycantbelearnedOnlyforproblemathletesOnlyeffectiveforeliteathletesProvidequickfixsolutionsNotusefulhocuspocusComponentsofPSTPrograms1EducationPhaseLearnthenatureandbasisoftheskillunderstandhowitinfluenceperformance2AcquisitionPhaseStructuredtrainingprogramtodevelopskillsandtechniques3PracticePhaseIntegrateskilldevelopmentintopracticeandcompetitivesettingsHelpsmakethesportingexperiencefunandhelpsmeeteveryonesneedsPSTProgramWHOSportPsychologyConsultantCoachWHENPreseasonorOffseason36monthdurationOngoingprocessintegratedintopracticesNEEDSASSESSMENTEvaluatestrengthsweaknessesOralinterviewpsychinventoriesExamplesp262PerformanceProfilingExamplesp261WHATWhichskillstoincludeSchedulingEvaluationFollowUpPROBLEMSLackofconvictionLackoftimeLackofknowledgeLackoffollowup1PsychologicalSkillsPersonalqualitiestobeattainedordevelopedietargetbehavioursPerformanceSkillsOptimalArousalmentalphysicalAttentionControlFoundationSkillsselfconfidencevolitionselfesteemFacilitativeSkillsinterpersonalrelationsandlifestylemanagement2PsychologicalMethodsProceduresortechniquesusedtodeveloppsychologicalSKILLSvehicleusedtoattainskillsGoalsettingRelaxationImageryThoughtprocessesAttributionsPRESENCEOFOTHERSASAMOTIVATOROthersspectatorsoraudienceobserverscoactorsothersdoingsametaskrivalsASocialFacilitationTheoryZajonc1965Themerepresenceofothersservestoincreasearousallevelsandcausearesponsetooccurfasterormoreintensely1IncreasedarousalwillincreasethelikelihoodthatanindividualsDOMINANTresponsewilloccur2Insimplewelllearnedskillscorrectresponsesandimprovedperformanceoccursinthepresenceofothers3IncomplexornewlylearnedskillsthedominantresponsemaybeincorrectoldorbadhabitsandperformancewillbeimpairedinthepresenceofothersBEvaluationApprehensionCottrell1972ItisnotjustthepresenceofothersthatcausesarousalRatheritistheexpectationthatthosepresentwilljudgeorevaluatetheQUALITYoftheperformancethatincreasesarousalandinfluencesperformanceeffectivenesswelearntoassociateotherswithpraiseblameorrewardpunishtypeofevaluationsanaudiencecanthushaveeitheranarousingoracalmingeffectproduceresultantvariationsinperformanceorbehaviourDriveTheoryCCognitiveApproachBorden1980IncorporatesbothoftheabovetheoriesbuttakesitastepfurthertheperformerisnotsimplyareactorwhorespondstoanaudienceorcoactorstheperformerisaPROACTIVEparticipantwhointerpretsthesocialsituationthroughperceptionsandexpectationspredictsthepossibleaudiencereactionsandaltersbehaviourtoappealtothisreactionpreviousexperienceagegenderpersonalitywillallinfluencetheindividualssubjectinterpretationofthesocialsituationthesizeoftheaudienceisnotasimportantashowtheindividualinterpretsthesizewithinthesituationnumbersaccordingtosettinghostilevssupportiveexpertiseinterpretwhetherthecrowdcanaccuratelyassessthequalityoftheperformancesupportivenessqualityofsocialsupportfromthosepresentHomeFieldaAdvantageVarca1980functionalaggressionhomemorereboundsblocksstealsdysfunctionalaggressionawaymorefoulsturnoversbDisadvantageBeaumeister1984increasedselfconsciousnessdistractsfromtheautomaticexecutionofskillsplayoffs
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