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Kinesiology 1088A/B Lecture Notes - Social Comparison Theory, Critical Role, Operant Conditioning

Course Code
Kinesiology 1088A/B
Bob Larose

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Chapter 3 Motivation
From Latin “Movere” = to move
A theoretical construct (not a directly observable phenomenon)
Is used to account for the:
1. Selection
a. Of performance or behaviour
b. Why this class because we have to
2. Intensity
3. Persistence
Of behaviour, learning or performance in any activity.
The direction (approach/avoid the activity)
Highly intensive or not as intensive into the activity
Of one’s effort
Participant Oriented: you choose to do it, you’re motivating yourself
Situation Oriented: anticipate the situation that you will enjoy yourself
Interaction of Both: both create individual motivation
Personal Factors: Needs, Interest, Goals, Personality
Situational Factors: Leader-coach style, Facility attractiveness, team win-loss
Some motivational factors can be easily changed (goal setting, reinforcement, attribution, self-
confidence) while others are more difficult to influence (presence of others, anxiety, focus of attention)
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