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Lecture 7

Kinesiology 1088A/B Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Coronary Artery Disease, Syrian Arab News Agency, Bone Density


Department
Kinesiology
Course Code
Kinesiology 1088A/B
Professor
Harry Prapavessis
Lecture
7

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Exercise Adherence (Chapter 18)
Adherence : sticking together or faithfully conforming to a standard of behaviour in
order to meet some goal
Benefits of Exercise Mortality/Longevity
Physical/Physiological
Cognitive
Psychological
Financial
Other
Mortality/Longevity
All-cause mortality rates have been found to be lowest in the most fit individuals
(Blair, 1989)
Regular exercise can slow, and in some cases reverse, functional losses associated
with aging
(e.g., increase strength and functional capacity, reduce probability of falling)
(Estabrooks, 1999)
Only 18% of women and 33% of men over 65 years of age are categorized as being
active
(CFLRI, 1996)
Physical/Physiological
Weight control
Decreases resting heart rate
Improves Max VO2
Prevents high blood pressure
Reduces coronary heart disease risk
Decreases % body fat
Maintains bone density
Cognitive
Chronic exercise has been shown to improve cognitive functioning (e.g., memory,
academic
achievement) in high school students and adults (Etnier et al. - 1997)
Psychological
Mens sana in corpore sano Sound body, sound mind
Decreased stress
Decreased anxiety
Decreased depression
Improved mood
Improved self-esteem
Improved perceptions of quality of life
Financial Benefits Associated with Exercise
Increased productivity
Less time lost from job
Reduction in health care costs
Other Benefits of Exercise
Enjoyment
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