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Lecture 3

Kinesiology 1088A/B Lecture 3: Intro to Sport Psych L3

Course Code
Kinesiology 1088A/B
Harry Prapavessis

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Process :
Decision -> Decoding -> Sender - > Channel -> Receiver -> Decoding -> Response
Purpose : (in sport & exercise)
Motivate (want to get people excited about their involvement, to put forth as much effort as possible)
Problem Solve (like to be able to take on a challenge and solve it, it is a process we go through using
communication to come up with the best answer)
Types of communication :
Interpersonal - between two or more people
• coach of a team
• exercise teacher talking to a class
Guidelines for sending effective messages (interpersonally)…
1. Be direct
2. Own your message (I,me… helps to be direct)
3. Be complete and specific (helps effectiveness… “here’s the information I’m trying to get across to you”)
4. Avoid double messages (one hand were saying something but in fact it might be sarcastic or it could be
coming across the wrong way)
5. State your feelings clearly (be specific and express feeling clearly to the person/group you’re
communicating with)
6. Separate fact from fiction (make sure info you’re giving is actual facts)
7. Focus on one thing at a time
8. Deliver messages immediately (loses it’s effectiveness if we wait until after the game)
9. No hidden agendas (told someone one thing as a mechanism to do something else… eg. telling
someone they look good to make them go out with you)
10. Be supportive (not just encouraging but allowing others to communicate with you… supporting them
in their communication process)
11. Consistent with non-verbal messages (verbal & non-verbal communications must be consistent with
one and other)
12. Reinforce using repetition (repeat what you deemed to be most important)
13. Tailer message to experience of receiver (communicate at an experience level they can understand)
14. Was message accurately interpreted? (are you getting feedback that the people/person you’re talking
to actually understands what you’re saying?)
Intrapersonal - self talk/thought
• what do we say in our own mind do ourselves
• how we use our internal voice and what we say to ourselves with that voice
• inner dialogue that helps to shape how we act and perform (more later)
Non-verbal - 50% of all communication
• very strong communicative process
• tend to believe more than verbal
• physical appearance - first impression
• “body language” - posture, gestures, body position (space)
• touching - various forms
• facial expressions (we wear our souls on our face)
• {voice characteristics - pitch, tempo, volume, rhythm, articulation}
Receiving Messages
a) Active Listening
• a process focusing on content, intent and feelings
• attend to ideas
• acknowledge comment
• give responding feedback
• non-verbal - nod, eye contact
find more resources at
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