Attribution -analysis of outcome ch. 3 Notes from Lecture

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Published on 16 Oct 2011
School
Western University
Department
Kinesiology
Course
Kinesiology 1088A/B
Outcome- the result of an event that is interpreted as either a success
or a failure.
Analysis- the use of previous experience, expectations, perceptions,
and the impact of external factors to assess an outcome.
Attribution- the cause or explanation given to an outcome.
Process
a. Event: what occurred
b. Outcome: positive, negative, neutral
c. Post event analysis: how did it go, how did it play out, what
happened
d. attribution or explanation
e. pride/shame future expectations
f. motivation for subsequent participation
**then starts at beginning
Results of Attribution:
pride or shame (causality)
satisfaction of dissatisfaction
expectancy for future success/failure (stability)
motivation for subsequent participation (control)
= dimensions of attribution
Basic attribution categories (Weiner, 1985)
Stability
o Stable
Ability, task difficulty
o Unstable
Effort, luck, mood
Locus of causality
o Internal
(personal) ability, effort, training
o External
(situational) luck, ease of task, officiating
Locus of control
o In one’s control
Increased or decreased motivation
o Out of ones control
Most people are self-centered in their perception of cause
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Document Summary

Outcome- the result of an event that is interpreted as either a success or a failure. Analysis- the use of previous experience, expectations, perceptions, and the impact of external factors to assess an outcome. Attribution- the cause or explanation given to an outcome. Process: event: what occurred, outcome: positive, negative, neutral, post event analysis: how did it go, how did it play out, what happened, attribution or explanation, pride/shame future expectations, motivation for subsequent participation. Locus of control: in one"s control. Increased or decreased motivation: out of ones control. Most people are self-centered in their perception of cause. Success is usually attributed to internal personal characteristics (ability, effort, mood) Failure is usually attributed to external situational characteristics (task, difficulty, luck, others) Lh is an acquired belief that you are incompetent. Results of continual negative feedback from significant others about a specific aspect(s) of performance or behavior. Doesn"t occur if generally negative about a number of aspects.