Lecture 2 Motivation
Course CodeKinesiology 1088A/B
ProfessorRobert La Rose
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September 15, 2010
Kinesiology – Lecture 2
From the Latin – “Movere” = to move
A theoretical construct (not a directly observable phenomenon)
Is used to account for three aspects:
- Selection – watching tv motivates u to do what they were doing
- Intensity – how hard we work
- Persistence – how well do we persist, even if we lose or get injured
Of behavior, learning or performance in an activity.
Definition: The directions (approach/avoid) and Intensity (high/low) of one’s Effort.
- Participant oriented
- Situation oriented
- Interaction of both
Some motivational factors can be easily changed while others are more DIFFICULT to influence.
eg: if its raining just say you’ll run on a track inside
1. Both the situation and personal traits motivate participants
2. It is important for the leader to understand what motivates a participant (why’re they there?)
- multiple motives (there cuz ur good and cuz ur friends are there)
- competing motives (wanna be there but wanna avoid pressured situations)
- Shared & or unique motives (want to win)
- motives change over time (joined cuz of friends? Realize there good and wanna stay)
3. Structur or change the environment to enhance motivation
4. Critical role of the leader in influencing the motivation of the participants (coaching style) (the
coach may be really good and the participant may love the coach and listen to him)
5. Undesirable motives can be changed through behavior modification techniques.
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