Kinesiology 1088A/B Lecture Notes - Lecture 18: Drive Theory, Autonomic Nervous System, Trait Theory

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A negative emotional state characterized by nervousness, worry and apprehension. Has cognitive (mental) component (worry and apprehension etc. ) and a somatic (physiological) component (^ heart or breathing, sweating, nausea, Linear relationship between arousal and performance ( as arousal increases so does performance) Impact dependent on how well the task is learned (social facilitation theory) There is no longer much support for this theory. Note: arousal/ anxiety/ stress/ are not always a bad thing: inverted u hypothesis. Once reach optimal level, performance deteriorates if you continue to become more aroused or activated. Is a zone not a point (izof- hanin) Different task have optimal zones: catastrophe theory ( hardy 1996) Somatic anxiety can have markedly different effects on performance depending on the cognitive anxiety (worry) experienced. If worry is high- activation reaches an optimal threshold after which there is a dramatic or catastrophic decline in performance. Difficult to recover from once experienced: reversal theory (aapter & kerr, 1984/85)

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