Kinesiology 1088A/B Lecture Notes - Lecture 18: Drive Theory, Autonomic Nervous System, Trait Theory

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Published on 24 Nov 2011
School
Western University
Department
Kinesiology
Course
Kinesiology 1088A/B
Professor
Anxiety
-A negative emotional state characterized by nervousness, worry and
apprehension.
- Has cognitive (mental) component (worry and apprehension etc.) and a
somatic (physiological) component (^ heart or breathing, sweating, nausea,
“butterflies”, faint)
Arousal Theories
1. Drive Theory (Spense, 1966)
-Performance = f(habit/drive_
-linear relationship between arousal and performance ( as arousal
increases so does performance)
-impact dependent on how well the task is learned (social facilitation
theory)
There is no longer much support for this theory
NOTE: arousal/ anxiety/ stress/ are not always a bad thing
2. Inverted U Hypothesis
There are optimal levels of arousal
Once reach optimal level, performance deteriorates if you continue
to become more aroused or activated.
Is a zone not a point (IZOF- Hanin)
Varies from person to person
Different task have optimal zones
1. Catastrophe Theory ( Hardy 1996)
Somatic anxiety can have markedly different effects on
performance depending on the cognitive anxiety (worry)
experienced.
If worry low- inverted U relationship.
If worry is high- activation reaches an optimal threshold after which
there is a dramatic or “catastrophic” decline in performance.
Difficult to recover from once experienced.
1. Reversal Theory (Aapter & Kerr, 1984/85)
It is the cognitive interpretation of one’s arousal level that impacts
performance
High arousal levels= excitements or anxiety.
Low arousal levels= relaxation or boredom
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Document Summary

A negative emotional state characterized by nervousness, worry and apprehension. Has cognitive (mental) component (worry and apprehension etc. ) and a somatic (physiological) component (^ heart or breathing, sweating, nausea, Linear relationship between arousal and performance ( as arousal increases so does performance) Impact dependent on how well the task is learned (social facilitation theory) There is no longer much support for this theory. Note: arousal/ anxiety/ stress/ are not always a bad thing: inverted u hypothesis. Once reach optimal level, performance deteriorates if you continue to become more aroused or activated. Is a zone not a point (izof- hanin) Different task have optimal zones: catastrophe theory ( hardy 1996) Somatic anxiety can have markedly different effects on performance depending on the cognitive anxiety (worry) experienced. If worry is high- activation reaches an optimal threshold after which there is a dramatic or catastrophic decline in performance. Difficult to recover from once experienced: reversal theory (aapter & kerr, 1984/85)

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