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Lecture 27

Kinesiology 1088A/B Lecture Notes - Lecture 27: Peer Pressure, Team Unity, Goal Setting


Department
Kinesiology
Course Code
Kinesiology 1088A/B
Professor
Bob Larose
Lecture
27

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Kin – Week of Dec. 2 13:47
Incentive Motivation – chapter 22
Definition: the value attached to the possible outcomes (goals) available to participants
in sports and physical activity = REASONS TO PARTCIPATE (why are people there)
Anticipate satisfaction and enjoyment from participation
Expectancies confirmed (or not) through actual experience which influences
continued participation (motivation)
Researched topic in two ways – went out and asked variety of participants to:
Identify main incentives that influence choice, persistence and effort of
participation
Identify the reasons why participants drop out of an activity
General Findings:
Each individual has his/her own unique reasons for participation.
There are usually multiple motives (incentives) operating at various strengths at any one
time.
The most dominant incentives that have been identified are:
Affiliation (make or be with friends)
Excellence (skill development to the highest level)
Excitement /Stress (thrill seeking)
Success (winning) & Status (recognition)
Fitness and energy release
Weaker but still present as distinct incentives are:
Independence (able to do on own) (didn't want to be in same sport b/c be
compared to sibling) – you choose
Power (control over others)
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Aggression (intimidation)
Influence of others (parents, peers, friends) – (live through children / peer
pressure)
There are no differences observed in incentive motivation when analyzed for:
Age
Gender
Type of sport
Culture (everyone plays soccer)
NOTE: Having fun is often cited as a motive but, it is suggested that the “FUN” is really the
result of other incentive motives being fulfilled
The reasons for discontinuing in an activity are also multiple and complex
i.e. Failure to achieve satisfaction of one or more primary incentives is weighed against
those that have been attained (one can leave when they choose)
Other sports or activities start to have a greater interest than the one that you are
currently involved in (conflict of interest) so you drop out (sport-specific vs sport-general
dropouts)
(General = bad experience - change to individual sports instead of group = sport-
specific)
The negative reasons for dropping out of an activity are:
Lack of ability (failure to improve skills)
Lack of success (winning)
Lack of playing time
Lack of enjoyment
Injury
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find more resources at oneclass.com
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