Kinesiology 1088A/B Lecture Notes - Lecture 24: Outlast, Toshiba, Siq

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Kin 13:29
Nov. 18, 2013 – Self Confidence as a Motivator
Implications
1. The main task of the coach is to manipulate the competitive situation in order to
enhance self-confidence
2. Building and maintaining self-confidence is of equal concern for beginning as well as
elite athletic performers
3. Beginners should experience a lot of early success and then gradually be exposed to
failure situations where they can learn that determined effort can create mastery over
difficult obstacles
4. Sequentially order activities according to skill difficulty or adjust the activity to suit
the skill level of the participant (ie. In order: t-ball, slow pitch, soft ball, baseball)
5. Desensitize threatening activities (snake phobias)
6. Increase the expectations for success for all participants but especially for elite
athletes experiencing performance plateaus/slumps
Ways of Building Self-Confidence:
1. Performance accomplishments
a. Practice – close as possible to actual game conditions (pressure, fatigue, time,
score, etc.)
2. Act confidently
a. Actions – especially after an error (“made a mistake, so what? Can’t do anything
about it now”)
b. Attitude and body language
b.i. Why demonstrate your lack of confidence with outburst or over gestures.
Let your opponents figure it out themselves.
3. Think confidently
a. Positive thinking/self-talk
b. Negative thought stopping
4. Imagery – visualize your best performance ever
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5. Physical conditioning – get in the best possible shape to outlast opponent
6. Preparation – pre, during, and post competition plans and routines
a. Prepare to be successful
Collective Efficacy: Feltz, 1994
(aka) Team confidence – belief or perception shared by members of a team concerning
their abilities as a group to get the job done
Collective efficacy was shown to be positively related to team performance where as,
adding up individual efficacy within the group was not related to team performance
Creating a belief in the team and its’ ability to be successful as a group seems to be a
critical component for overall team success
IMAGERY for Performance Enhancement
“Imagination is more important than knowledge” –Einstein
Definition – “Imagery is an experience that mimics real experience. We can be aware of
seeing’ an image, feeling movements as an image, or experiencing an image of
smell, tastes, or sounds without actually experiencing the real thing… It differs from
dreams in that we are awake and conscious when we form an image.” (White & Hardy,
1998)
Related Terms:
Visualization (not accurate because it excludes other senses)
Mental Rehearsal
Mental Practice
Visuomotor Training
2 Main Types:
1. Visual
a. Seeing self practice as a movement
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2. Kinaesthetic
a. Feel a particular movement
Multi-Sensory Imagery:
Visual
Kinesthetic
Auditory
Tactile
Olfactory
Can also recreate:
Emotional feelings (injury)
And moods (romantic)
Imagery Ability:
Innate potential to create images in our mind, but differ in our ability to do so
Measured by:
VMIQ – Vividness of Movement Imagery Questionnaire
MIQ – Mental Imagery Questionnaire
SIQ – Sport Imagery Questionnaire
Properties:
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