Kinesiology 2276F/G Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Symbolic Interactionism

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Published on 12 Apr 2013
School
Western University
Department
Kinesiology
Course
Kinesiology 2276F/G
Page:
of 3
September 24, 2012
Lecture 7- Identity Theory
Objectives
Define identity and commitment
Explain Identity Theory including: commitment, identity salience, meanings, and
behaviours are related
Discuss all the major findings of Strachan et al., 2009
Identity Theory
Sheldon Stryker & Peter Burke
Structural Symbolic Interactionism
Assumption
o Society= organized, patterned interactions
o For every position in society, the person occupying that position has an identity
Each identity can be ranked by its importance
Identity Salience Hierarchy
o The likelihood that an identity will be invoked across a variety of situations
Identity
o Can refer to a position in a group or a particular characteristic
o Refers to a _______________ that define ___________________ when one is an
_______________ in society
Identity
Exerciser meanings
o Energetic
o Strong, flexible, athletic, coordinated
o Active
o Healthy
o ***Boring
o ***Exhausting
o ***Hard work
Influential Factors
Commitment
o The costs the persons incurs for not playing out a role based on an identity
Summary of Identity Theory
Interaction between individual and society
Identity for every role one occupies
Identities are a set of meanings (learned)
Commitment
o Identity salience
o Behaviour
Strength of exercise identity and identity-exercise consistency: Affective and
social cognitive relationships
Strachan, Brawley, Spink, & Jung; 2009; Journal of Health Psychology
Purpose
Is exercise identity strength related to the consistency between meanings and exercise
behaviour?
Are exercise identity strength and exercise consistency related to exercise behaviour
and affect?
Participants
528 university students
Averaged 24 years of age
~70% were female
Instruments
Exercise Identity Strength
Exercise Identity Meaning
Exercise Behaviour
Exercise Identity Consistency
Affect
Results
__________ exercise identity = more frequent exercise & _____________ consistency
between exercise identity meanings and behaviour
Individuals who perceived their recent behaviours as highly consistent with their
identity behaviour = ______________ affect
The relationship between exercise consistency and affect __________ as exercise
identity strength ____________

Document Summary

Explain identity theory including: commitment, identity salience, meanings, and behaviours are related. Discuss all the major findings of strachan et al. , 2009. Assumption: society= organized, patterned interactions, for every position in society, the person occupying that position has an identity. Each identity can be ranked by its importance. Identity salience hierarchy: the likelihood that an identity will be invoked across a variety of situations. Identity: can refer to a position in a group or a particular characteristic, refers to a _______________ that define ___________________ when one is an. Exerciser meanings: energetic, strong, flexible, athletic, coordinated, active, healthy, ***boring, ***exhausting, ***hard work. Commitment: the costs the persons incurs for not playing out a role based on an identity. Strength of exercise identity and identity-exercise consistency: affective and social cognitive relationships. Strachan, brawley, spink, & jung; 2009; journal of health psychology. __________ exercise identity = more frequent exercise & _____________ consistency between exercise identity meanings and behaviour.