Kinesiology 4474A/B Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Hip Fracture, Osteoporosis, Dual-Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry

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Osteoporosis affects millions of people around the world. It is characterized by low bone mass & deterioration of the bone tissue leading to bone fragility and increased risk of fracture (even just force of muscle pulling). The superstructure becomes smaller and holes in the bone becomes bigger. It is k(cid:374)o(cid:449)(cid:374) as the (cid:862)sile(cid:374)t thief(cid:863) (cid:271)e(cid:272)ause it ofte(cid:374) o(cid:272)(cid:272)u(cid:396)s (cid:449)ithout s(cid:455)(cid:373)pto(cid:373)s u(cid:374)til f(cid:396)a(cid:272)tu(cid:396)e. This graph is showing the effect that age has on bone mass and how it is related to fracture risk. The top blue line is a larger individual and the lower one a smaller individual. As we get older, we have less bone mass (bmd) and that increases your risk of fracture, especially after the age of. 45 with age hip fractures often lead to premature death and disability in older people. Reduced qol is huge disfigurement, lowered self- Osteoporosis fractures are a major cause of morbidity esteem, reduction or loss of mobility, decreased independence.

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