Law 2101 Lecture Notes - Social Inequality, Meritocracy, Oligarchy

8 views2 pages
29 Jan 2013
Logan Kazman
Legal Dictionary
Chapter 1:
- Acteus reus: guilty act
- Mens rea: the guilty mind
- Voir dire: trial within a trial
- Stare decisis (rule of precedent): principle of legal rules established in previous court cases if the case is
the same or similar
- Obiter dictum: opinion that is unnecessary for the decision of the case, it’s considered a “by the way”
statement made by the judge that may be introduced by way of illustration
- Dissent: decision of the judge who did not agree with the majority opinion
- Style of cause: part of the title of a case referring to the parties involved in a legal action
- Principles of fundamental justice: the freedoms and democratic rights guaranteed in the Canadian
- Ratio decidendi: reason for the decision, referring to that part of the judge’s decision that provides the
legal reasoning for the judgement
- Objective forseeability: ought to have known someone would get hurt (in an example of murder in an
indictable offense)
- Subjective forseeability: the crown must prove that the accused knew that harm was going to come to
the victim
Chapter 2:
- Redress: a remedy for injury or for loss (e.g. damages for pain and suffering)
- Jurisprudence: the science of law, aka, the “philosophy of law”; study of the structure of the legal system,
and to determine how legal rules apply to new or doubtful cases
- Adverse possession: a method of inquiring title to property or land if an occupant remains on the land for
a lengthy period of time with the knowledge of the owner but without his or her permission
- Conventions: rules of behaviour that are historically accepted but not always legally enforced
- Perjury: in criminal law, a formal charge laid against an individual for making a false statement under oath
- Statute: law that is enacted by a government
- Adversarial trial system: trial system that seeks the truth by having two opposing parties represented by
lawyers, argue a case in front of an impartial judge who weighs the evidence presented
- Inquisitorial trial system: trial system, used in Europe where the truth is seeked by questioning of
witnesses, and judge plays a greater role in this system
- Writs: written commands or formal orders in the name of the sovereign (e.g. a writ of summons compels
a defendant to appear in court to answer charges)
- Patriate: to bring legislation under the legal authority of the nation to which it applies. (Canadian
Constitution was patriate the UK)
- Summonses: court order requiring accused to appear in court to answer the allegation or to respond to
an action against him or her
Unlock document

This preview shows half of the first page of the document.
Unlock all 2 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get access

$10 USD/m
Billed $120 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
40 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class
$8 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
30 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class