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Lecture 5

Linguistics 1028A/B Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Data Analysis


Department
Linguistics
Course Code
LING 1028A/B
Professor
Prof.S.Kelly
Lecture
5

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Week 5: Syntax
In-Class Notes (Wednesday)
**Make sure to review all supplemental readings**
Complement Parameter
UG: Head-Complement Parameter
Option A: the head precedes its complement
oEnglish: [I am fond VP [of candy PP]]
ospeci&ers - heads - complements
Option B: the head follows its complement
oJapanese: [[sono hon NP] yonda VP]
ospeci&er - complement - head
MERGE speci&c to the particular language
Japanese
For a phrase like "Naomi's friend", Japanese has a similar
structure to "Mary's house", where ('s) is treated like a NP.
Left Branching
Japanese (SOV): sentence structure with complements
preceding the head = left branching trees
*O'Grady pg. 147
Complements add information
"I gave"
oWhat?
oTo who?
Right Branching
English (SVO): sentence structure with complements
following the head = right branching tress
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