Linguistics 1028A/B Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Voiced Labiodental Fricative, Complementary Distribution, Deep Structure And Surface Structure
Articulatory descriptions are comprised of two main criteria: what happens to airflow during the production of a particular sound = Manner (rows on ipa chart: where in the speech tract = place (columns of ipa chart) In the oral cavity: airflow modified by position of lips and placement of tongue = articulators. Symbol on the right is the voiced one. How sounds are produced (how airflow is modified - degree and type of obstruction) [d ] voiced post alveolar/alveopalatal affricate (combination of a stop and a fricative) Phonetics (the articulatory description of sound) is the foundation of an informed phonological analysis. We can describe what quality/qualities are shared by a given group of sounds (natural classes-features) as well as what distinguish individual sounds (articulatory descriptions-features) Tries to explain systematic phonetic variation in language. Tries to understand principles that motivate sound patterns in language. Check for minimal pairs: if there is a minimal pair then the sounds are separate phonemes o.