Medieval Studies 1022 Lecture Notes - Lecture 14: Laon Cathedral, Suger, Imperial Abbey Of Corvey

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Jan 16
Lecture 14
>Romanesque & country // gothic & urban
>Royal Abbey of Saint Denis
-Abbott Suger (1081-1151) became Abbott in 1122
-built onto previous Church west façade
-rare written account of what he did
-crenulation, round window (new element but part of Gothic style called rose
window)
-3 part entrance
-wall buttresses//twin towers like Corvey
>central plan:
-rings of semicircular
-shows last judgment
-figures not as rigid
-Christ’s arms are embracing not damning
-not as graphic between Heaven and Hell
-Christ looks less otherworldly and damning
-Suger praying at feet of Lord (patronage)
-Jamb figures: operated in own space
>Head of an Old Testament King (jambs from central plan)
-over life size, hypnotic and starring face
-wanted to make look real worldly
-held in Baltimore
-lead in eyes for realistic quality
>Narthex: rib vaults, new structural device, diagonals to keep eye moving
>Ambulatory: 1140-1144
-Suger created new kind, merge ambulatory with Chapels
-material reflection of immaterial world
-very interested in light (metaphor for Holy world)
-loved stained glass there put walls outside sideways
>Rib Vault:
-a vault built on a frameowkr of arched ribs
-let more light in
-skeletal structure in Gothic buildings
-like cells
-ribs bring eyes forward = space is unified
-anagogy = ana-up & gogy-lead up
>Tree of Jesses
-old testament, family tree
-1st to do Christ’s human genealogy
-stained glass must be re-leaded over time
-jewel life boarders, so much detail!!
>Laon Cathedral 1160’s-1220
-early gothic cathedral
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