October 5 2011 - Progress.docx

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Western University
Media, Information and Technoculture
Media, Information and Technoculture 2500A/B
John Reed

Progress October 5, 2011 1. Progress: Foundations 2. What is enlightenment 3. 1 industrial revolution 4. Progress = Gift 5. Progress = Property nd a. 2 industrial revolution b. Progress is property c. Progress is sublime d. Consuming is sublime 6. Toffler Progress: Foundations - There is not just one type of power; it is all drawn together by progress and technology. - Moving technology from a gift to property - Progress: Progression or advancement to move forward - America is known as “New Jerusalem” a place of new beginnings - Avatar  Progress and Plan - Progress as evolution - Progress as new beginnings - Progress as the bible Age of enlightenment  late 18 century Enlightenment: Human mastery, about human creation over people, nature, etc. Government not God Based on the idea of reason, rationality and thinking Knowledge is a gift from God The source of knowledge is human All of these are technologies Decline of the monarchy Decline of the church – printing press, taking power away from church and monarchy Rise of literacy, reason, human focus, education, and technology!!! Enlightenment is human focused, tied to democratic governing, the decline of the church and monarchy. The age we live in now 1 industrial revolution Introduction of new forms of power (water, steam, etc) ways we can harness nature better Plays out radically in textile factories Water power: Invention of factories Steam power: Invention of new transportation, machines that can make machines, the ability to gather more raw materials Radical changes in work and living!! Progress does not necessarily mean better Space: Concentration of people in small area. Relocation of people – change of space. Demographic shift, rural to urban Time: Continuous work in factories, time was on an industrial level, the idea of punching in and out Wage: Subsistence: Self-employed or vassal to lord People were out of subsistence People began to work for a wage Speed and efficiency became a must (2 shoes a day vs. 30 shoes a day) People didn’t want to leave their farms though Forced to work fro a wage. Enclosure act: Destruction of common land in the 18 and 19 century Carl Marx: Subsistence  urbanization Forced eviction from common land Accumulation by dispossession Industrial revolution is finance by relocation, dispossession, and colonialism Forced social upheaval  Vagrancy acts (get to the city the economy is realigning) People must be forced to work for a wage The interweaving of technology and the social Star shaped networks: Everything relies on each other Progress=Gift Social progress: Technology as improving society Progress not as a goal itself.,. More social determinist Progress is tempered by reason Adam Smith: “With efficiency, mental stagnation occurs” Progress is tied to liberation Technology restrained to rational action Ben Franklin: Franklin refused to patent the stove and hoped that other people would improve it. He saw invention as a gift! Open-source stove PROGRESS A
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