November 2, 2011 - Property.docx

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Department
Media, Information and Technoculture
Course
Media, Information and Technoculture 2500A/B
Professor
John Reed
Semester
Fall

Description
Property November 2, 2011 Material i) Commons ii) Capitalism, Enclosure, Property Immaterial/Digital iii) Digital tech and enclosure iv) Culture is Remix! v) Digital Commons vi) Reformatting the digital Commons, Enclosure, Property, Innovation The Commons - Property that essentially belonged to everyone, it is collectively owned or collectively used - Open commons – no single person has exclusive control at all (international waters, the sky, there are regulations and agreements but it belongs to no one all together) - Limited commons – degrees of regulation (interstate, freeway, there are rules and regulations, but people are left to themselves, self managed) - All have access but heavily regulated Capitalism, Enclosure, Property How capitalism relates to enclosure and property Enclosure: 1) - Accumulation by dispossession - Destruction of natural economy - Confiscation of the land - The creation of an export-only economy - The creation of a free labor pool – the powerlessness was created to enable capitalism - Industrial revolution for minority north 2) - Labor pool created by eviction - Tied to the industrial revolution - Carried out by parliament Enclosure = Tree as a sealed off system Commons = Grass as a decentralized system Binary logic Capitalist Property - Tied with the idea of closure, property and the industrial revolution Capitalism: 16 century – Now Capitalism is just one system in a whole variety of economies Features: - Production of goods by private companies – SOLD for PROFIT - You need to make a profit if you need to succeed in a capitalist economy - Low cost, effective way of making a product – taylorism, henry ford - Technological innovation becomes important for profit - Competition within scarcity - Clip from Glen Gary Glen Ross – a situation where people are compelled to work, they put up with a hard, abusive work place. Are you man enough to put up with this? Innovation: - Free is the future of business - Basic economics tells us that in a competitive market, price falls to the marginal cost. - In the information economy, the price essentially falls to zero, this introduces a problem in the information economy - Innovation is also a threat, the most exciting aspect of capitalism - Mass Production (innovation) invention of the assembly line - The threat of innovation: Workers don’t want to work…. Ford introduces higher wages and people scramble for work Threat: - Introduction of digital property becomes difficult to control piracy - Many consider information is free and is common property - The threat is digital property itself - Innovation is the threat Ideas and information is a virus Form: - Growth = Profit - The Blob = a metaphor for capitalism, everything is absorbed to feed this autonomous being Deep Inequality: - Somebody at the top is getting paid more than someone else - Somebody at the top has more control over others - We live in a system of deep inequality and we pray to be at the right side of the spectrum - You need money to survive - Who are you? What really matters is “How much do you make?” - Capitalism = earn in order to live = I guess that’s what I’ll do! - Very binary The only logic is that of property and money Follow the simple rationalized system and make money Everything converted to money, all difference erased Money drives efficiency and productivity Money driving social relations, the way we think about and implement technology Commodity relation Binary Logic – we live under a system of capitalism that functions quite well for many people, it is one system in a world of possibility Property and Digital Property Rights First Change - Culture (expression) is made in to property - Property in digital form, is something that can now be controlled, counted, and quantified - 1970s introduction of the Xerox machine – threatens books! (Innovation and threat) - Major changes – adjustment in technology - 1976 – automatic protection of property - Automatically regulates all works now Second Change: - Introduction of digitalization - Digital enables regulation of all use
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